Qarliik Suite
Stratigraphic label: [ppro]qik
Map symbol: pPqik

First published: 17 April 2018
Last modified:



























Translation of original French



Informal subdivision(s)
Numbering does not necessarily reflect the stratigraphic position.
pPqik3 Pink pegmatitic granite
pPqik2 Pink granite
pPqik1 Beige granite
Author: Mathieu et al., 2018
Age: Paleoproterozoic
Reference section:  
Type area: Koroc River area (NTS sheet 24I)
Geological province: Churchill Province
Geological subdivision: Core Zone
Lithology: Granite
Type: Lithodemic
Rank: Suite
Status: Formal
Use: Active




The Qarliik Suite was introduced by Mathieu et al. (2018) in the Koroc River and Point Le Droit area to group all of the Paleoproterozoic granite intrusions located between the Moonbase Shear Zone (MSZ) and the Blumath Deformation Corridor (BDC). These intrusions were previously assigned to the Baudan Complex (Verpaelst et al., 2000) to define a granitic gneiss and granitic intrusion unit. This unit’s name was not subsequently used by Simard et al. (2013) and Lafrance et al. (2015) who preferred to distinguish gneiss from late intrusions. The grey gneiss of tonalitic to granitic composition were then assigned to the Ungava Complex while intrusions were grouped by these authors in the Dancelou Suite. However, as part of the southeastern Churchill Province (SECP) synthesis, different lithotectonic domains were identified and it appears that units observed east of the MSZ are distinct from those identified in the Kuujjuaq and Ungava Bay area west of this fault. New units have thus been defined, including the Qarliik Suite, which includes later intrusive rocks.



The Qarliik Suite consists of three informal units: 1) a beige granite unit (pPqik1); 2) a pink granite unit (pPqik2); and 3) a pink pegmatitic granite unit (pPqik3). Granite outcrops contain between 1 and 20% gneiss enclaves of the Kangiqsualujjuaq Complex (ApPkan) and migmatites of the Fougeraye Complex (pPfog1). 


Qarliik Suite 1 (pPqik1): Beige Granite

Granite of unit pPqik1 is homogeneous, beige or light grey, little or not magnetic and medium to fine grained. It has preserved an igneous appearance, but partial recrystallization is observed in thin section, particularly on grain edges. Foliation (or lineation) is generally well developed and defined by the alignment of mica and the beginning of orientation of the matrix, especially quartz (25-30%). The latter forms local lenses or bands in the most deformed zones. It has undulatory extinction and the rim shows a dynamic recrystallization budding. K-feldspar (30-35%) is perthitic and often rimmed with myrmekites. Mafic minerals (5–10%) are represented by brown biotite, muscovite and chlorite (alteration of biotite). Plagioclase is weakly to moderately sericitized. Accessory minerals include epidote, allanite, opaque minerals, zircon (as inclusions in biotite) and sphene.


Qarliik Suite 2 (pPqik2): Pink Granite

Granite in this unit is characterized by its light to dark pink colour and generally medium to coarse grain size. It is homogeneous, of variable magnetic susceptibility, even grained and massive to moderately foliated. When present, foliation is marked by the alignment of mafic minerals and the beginning of orientation of quartz. Decimetric pPqik3 granite clusters and dykes are observed in several locations and are interpreted as a late phase of the unit. The igneous appearance is well preserved with very little recrystallization at the grain edges. The felsic phases are anhedral, and quartz (22–30%) forms zones with undulatory extinction that begin to make subgrains.

Granite contains between 1 and 12% ferromagnesian minerals consisting of brown to green biotite flakes (variably chloritized), thin hematite dust and local hornblende. It also contains up to 2% muscovite flakes and shows low to moderate sericitization of plagioclase. Mafic minerals are scattered throughout the rock or form millimetric to centimetric clusters. Myrmekites are common and K-feldspar (30-45%) is dominated by microcline, which is locally perthitic and with quartz, plagioclase and muscovite inclusions. Microcline is a little bit coarser-grained than the other mineral phases. Accessory minerals can be quite numerous and consist, in order of importance, of epidote, allanite, opaque minerals, sphene, apatite and zircon (as inclusions in biotite). 


Qarliik Suite 3 (pPqik3): Pink Pegmatitic Granite

Pegmatite comes in three forms: dykes cutting host rocks, metric to kilometric masses, and clusters or dykes in unit pPqik2 granite. Their appearance is generally massive, but some pegmatites are foliated and folded. It is pink or pink-black-white spotted. Pegmatite contains between 20 and 40% quartz but is locally much richer, even resembling quartz veins. Quartz forms large zones with undulatory extinction. Microcline (25-38%) is perthitic and myrmekites are numerous. Plagioclase is locally sericitized and a slight recrystalization is observed at the grain edge. Pegmatite contains between 5 and 12% ferromagnesian minerals, which form centimetric clusters distributed heterogeneously in the rock. Biotite dominates mafic minerals and muscovite is almost always associated with it. Accessory minerals are abundant and represented by epidote, allanite, apatite, magnetite, sphene and zircon.


Thickness and Distribution

The Qarliik Suite typically consists of elongated intrusions 2 to 20 km long and less than 3 km wide. A greater intrusion 23 km by 15 km was observed in the northeast part of the Core Zone. The Qarliik Suite is limited to the west by the Moonbase Shear Zone (MSZ), which ends north against the Rivière George Shear Zone (RGSZ), and east by the Blumath Deformation Corridor (BDC). It is more prevalent in the Koroc River and Point Le Droit areas (Mathieu et al., 2018).



Three datings in each of the units in the Qarliik Suite gave rise to ages around 1830 Ma, indicating that these intrusions occurred towards the end of erection of the Torngat Orogen (1885-1800 Ma; Charette, 2016), which affected the eastern part of the Core Zone.

Isotopic System Mineral Unit Crystallization Age (Ma) (+) (-) Reference(s)
U-Pb Zircon pPqik1 1829.7 3.5 3.5 David et al., 2009 (98-PV1-011)
U-Pb Zircon pPqik2 1828 2 2 David et al., 2009 (98-SP-4044C)
U-Pb Zircon pPqik3 1832 11 11 David et al., 2009 (98-SP-4079B)


Stratigraphic Relationship(s)

Granitic intrusions of the Qarliiq Suite cut Archean units of the Kangiqsualujjuaq Complex (ApPkan) and the Baudan Suite (nAban). Its relationship with the Siimitalik Suite (ApPsik) is more difficult to identify since this unit also includes a pink granitic phase similar to that of unit pPqik2, although the first phase is Archean. It is possible that some of the ApPsik2 pink granites actually belong to the Qarliik Suite. 


Does not apply.


Author(s) Title Year of Publication Hyperlink (EXAMINE or Other)
CHARETTE, B. Long-lived Anatexis in the Exhumed Middle Crust from the Torngat Orogen and Eastern Core Zone: Constraints from Geochronology, Petrochronology, and Phase Equilibria Modeling. Master Thesis, University of Waterloo, 418 pages. 2016 Source
DAVID, J. –  MAURICE, C. –  SIMARD, M. Datations isotopiques effectuées dans le nord-est de la Province du Supérieur – Travaux de 1998, 1999 et 2000. Ministère des Ressources naturelles et de la Faune, Québec; DV 2008-05. 2009 DV 2008-05
LAFRANCE, I. – BANDYAYERA, D. – BILODEAU, C. Géologie de la région du lac Henrietta (SNRC 24H). Ministère des Ressources naturelles, Québec; RG 2015-01, 62 pages. 2015 RG 2015-01
MATHIEU, G. – LAFRANCE, I. – VANIER, M.-A. Géologie de la région de pointe le Droit, sud-est de la Province de Churchill, Nunavik, Québec, Canada. Ministère de l’Énergie et des Ressources naturelles, Québec. 2018 Bulletin géologiQUE
SIMARD, M. – LAFRANCE, I. – HAMMOUCHE, H. – LEGOUIX, C. Géologie de la région de Kuujjuaq et de la baie d’Ungava (SNRC 24J et 24K). Ministère de l’Énergie et des Ressources naturelles, Québec; RG 2013-04, 60 pages. 2013 RG 2013-04
VERPAELST, P. – BRISEBOIS, D. – PERREAULT, S. – SHARMA, K.N.M. – DAVID, J. Géologie de la région de la rivière Koroc et d’une partie de la région de Hébron (SNRC 24I et 14L). Ministère des Ressources naturelles, Québec; RG 99-08, 62 pages, 10 plans. 2000 RG 99-08



12 novembre 2018