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Roy Group
Stratigraphic label: [narc]ry
Map symbol: nAry

First published: 27 March 2018
Last modified: 25 July 2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Translation of original French

 

 

Informal subdivision(s)
Numbering does not necessarily reflect the stratigraphic position.
 
None
 
Author:Duquette, 1970
Age:Neoarchean
Reference section:None
Type area:Outcrops along Road 167 north of Lac Chibougamau (sheets 32G16-200-201 and 32G16-200-0202) define a section through the Roy Group’s two volcanic cycles
Geological province:Superior Province
Geological subdivision:Abitibi Subprovince
Lithology:Volcanic and sedimentary rocks
Type:Lithostratigraphic
Rank:Group
Status:Formal
Use:Active

 

Related unit(s)

 

 

Background

The Roy Group is first mentioned in Duquette’s report (1970) on the “Archean stratigraphy and metallogenic relations in the Chibougamau region”. It includes volcano-sedimentary assemblages identified in previous geological reports as “Keewatinian-type rocks”.

Description

The Roy Group consists of two volcanic cycles (Duquette,1970; Allard, 1976; Allard et al., 1979; Daigneault and Allard, 1990; Leclerc et al., 2011): the first cycle comprises the Obatogamau and Waconichi formations (2730-2726 Ma; Mortensen, 1993; Legault, 2003; Leclerc et al., 2011), while the second cycle is composed of the Bruneau, Blondeau, Scorpion and Bordeleau formations (2724-2716 Ma; Leclerc et al., 2012; David et al., 2012; Davis et al., 2014). At the base of the volcanic cycles, mafic volcanic rocks have a tholeiitic affinity and change upwards to volcaniclastic and metasedimentary rocks of transitional to calc-alkaline affinity (Daigneault and Allard, 1990; Roy et al., 2007; Leclerc et al., 2011). 

Thickness and Distribution

The Roy Group has a total thickness evaluated between 10 000 m and 12 000 m. It is recognized from the Grenville Front Tectonic Zone in the east to the Desmaraisville area in the west. The Roy Group is limited to the north by foliated to gneissic intrusive units of the Opatica Subprovince and extends to the southern limit of the Caopatina-Guercheville Deformation Corridor.

Dating

Rocks of the Obatogamau Formation, at the base of the Roy Group, are older than those of the Waconichi Formation, whose ages range from 2729.7 +1.9/1.6 Ma to 2726.6 ±0.7 Ma (Mortensen, 1993; Legault, 2003; Leclerc et al., 2011; David et al., 2012). However, they are younger than those of the Chrissie Formation (2791.4 +3.7/-2.9 Ma; David et al., 2011). At the top of the Roy Group, felsic volcanic rocks of the Scorpion Formation are dated 2716.4 ±1.0 Ma (David et al., 2012).

Stratigraphic Relationship(s)

At the base of the Roy Group, the contact of the Obatogamau Formation’s mafic volcanic rocks corresponds to shear zones observed in the field or interpreted using aeromagnetic data. These shear zones mark a hiatus of 60 Ma to 100 Ma between mafic volcanic rocks of the Obatogamo Formation (older than the overlying rocks of the Waconichi Formation) and the much younger rocks of the underlying Isostao Gneissic Complex (2831 ±5 Ma; Roffeis, 2015), Vents Formation (2798.7 ±0.7 Ma; Davis et al., 2014), and Chrissie Formation (2791.4 +3.7/-2.9 Ma; David et al., 2011). At the top of the Roy Group, the contact is generally characterized by an angular discordance with sedimentary rocks of the Opemisca Group (Cimon, 1976; Caty, 1978; Simoneau, 1986). However, sedimentary rocks of the Bordeleau Formation in the Waconichi Syncline are locally a transitional unit between the two groups (Caty, 1979; Dimroth et al., 1983).

Paleontology

Does not apply.

References

Author(s)TitleYear of PublicationHyperlink (EXAMINE or Other)
ALLARD, G.O.Doré Lake Complex and its importance to Chibougamau geology and metallogeny. Ministère des Richesses naturelles, Québec; DPV 368, 446 pages, 2 plans.1976DPV 368
ALLARD, G.O. – CATY, J.L. – CHOWN, E.H. – CIMON, J. – GOBEIL, A. – BAKER, D.Stratigraphie et métallogénie de la région de Chibougamau. Mineralogical Association of Canada; Fieldtrip guide B-1, 62 pages.1979
CATY, J.L.Canton de Richardson (comté d’Abitibi-Est) – Rapport interimaire. Ministère des Richesses naturelles, Québec; DP-606, 37 pages, 1 plan.1978DP 606
CATY, J.L.Demie-ouest du canton de Bignell. Ministère de l’Énergie et des Ressources, Québec; DPV-678, 22 pages, 1 plan.1979DPV 678
CIMON, J.Géologie du canton de Queylus (NE), Abitibi-Est. Ministère des Richesses naturelles du Québec; DPV 439, 38 pages, 1 plan.1976DPV 439
DAVID, J. – VAILLANCOURT, D. – BANDYAYERA, D. – SIMARD, M. – GOUTIER, J. – PILOTE, P. – DION, C. – BARBE, P.Datations U-Pb effectuées dans les sous-provinces d’Ashuanipi, de La Grande, d’Opinaca et d’Abitibi en 2008-2009. Ministère des Ressources naturelles et de la Faune, Québec; RP 2010-11, 37 pages.2011RP 2010-11
DAVID, J. – SIMARD, M. – BANDYAYERA, D. – GOUTIER, J. – HAMMOUCHE, H. – PILOTE, P. – LECLERC, F. – DION, C.Datations U-Pb effectuées dans les provinces du Supérieur et de Churchill en 2010-2011. Ministère des Ressouces naturelles et de la Faune, Québec; RP 2012-01, 33 pages.2012RP 2012-01
DAVIS, D.W. – SIMARD, M. – HAMMOUCHE, H. –BANDYAYERA, D. – GOUTIER, J. – PILOTE, P. – LECLERC, F. – DION, C.Datations U-Pb effectuées dans les provinces du Supérieur et de Churchill en 2011-2012. Ministère des Ressources naturelles, Québec; RP 2014-05, 62 pages.2014RP 2014-05
DAIGNEAULT, R. – ALLARD, G.O.Le Complexe du Lac Doré et son environnement géologique. Ministère de l’Énergie et des Ressources, Québec; MM 89-03, 375 pages.1990MM 89-03
DIMROTH, E. – MUELLER, W. – ROCHELEAU, M. – ARCHER, P. – JUTRAS, M. – PICHÉ, M. – SIMONEAU, P. – CARIGNAN, J. – CHOWN, E.H. – GUHA, J. – GOULET, N. – ALLARD, G.O. – FRANCONI, A. – GOBEIL, A.Stratigraphie et évolution du bassin de transition entre les groupes de Roy et d’Opémisca, région de Chibougamau-Chapais. Dans : Stratigraphie des ensembles volcano-sédimentaires archéens de l’Abitibi : état des connaissances. Ministère de l’Énergie et des Ressources, Québec; DV 83-11, pages 21-33.1983DV 83-11
DUQUETTE, G.Stratigraphie de l’Archéen et relations métallogéniques dans la région de Chibougamau. Ministère des Richesses naturelles, Québec; ES-008, 25 pages, 1 plan.1970ES 008
LECLERC, F. – BÉDARD, J.H. – HARRIS, L.B. – McNICOLL, V. – GOULET, N. – ROY, P. – HOULE, P.Tholeiitic to calc-alkaline cyclic volcanism in the Roy Group, Chibougamau area, Abitibi Greenstone Belt – Revised stratigraphy and implications for VHMS exploration. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences; volume 48, pages 661-694.2011Source
LECLERC, F. – HARRIS, L.B. – BÉDARD, J.H. – VAN BREEMEN, O. – GOULET, N.Structural and stratigraphic controls on magmatic, volcanogenic and syn-tectonic mineralization in the Chapais-Chibougamau mining camp, northeastern Abitibi, Canada. Economic Geology; volume 107, pages 963-989.2012Source
LEGAULT, M.Environnement métallogénique du couloir de Fancamp avec emphase sur les gisements aurifères de Chevrier, région de Chibougamau, Québec. Université du Québec à Chiboutimi; doctoral thesis, 488 pages.2003Source
MORTENSEN, J.K.U-Pb geochronology of the eastern Abitibi subprovince. Part 1 : Chibougamau – Matagami – Joutel region. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences; volume 30, pages 11-28.1993Source
ROY P. – FALLARA, F. – HOULE, P. – CHENG, L.Z. – RABEAU, O. – BLAIS, A. – LAFRANCE, B. – LECLERC, F. – PILOTE, P. – RIVERIN, G. – SCHMITT, L.

Étude sur le flanc sud du Complexe du Lac Doré, Chibougamau: stratigraphie, veines Cu-Au et modèle 3D préliminaire. Dans: Québec Exploration 2007, Abstracts of talks and posters. Ministère des Ressources naturelles et de la Faune, Québec; DV 2007-04, page 37.

2007DV 2007-04
ROFFEIS, C.Rapport final du contrat de géochronologie MERN. Ministère de l’Énergie et des Ressources naturelles, Québec; unpublished internal report, 16 pages.2015
SIMONEAU, P.Pétrologie, sédimentologie et analyse des faciès de la Formation de Daubrée, Chapais, Québec. Université du Québec à Chicoutimi; Masters thesis, 486 pages, 1 plan.1986Source

 

 

 

 

9 mai 2019