Akiasirviup Suite
Stratigraphic label: [narc]aki
Map symbol: nAaki

First published: 20 October 2016
Last modified: 30 June 2020




  DISCLAIMER: This English version is translated from the original French. In case of any discrepancy, the French version shall prevail. 

Informal subdivision(s)
Numbering does not necessarily reflect the stratigraphic position.
nAaki4 Calcosilicate rocks and marble
nAaki4c Banded calcosilicate rocks
nAaki4b Marble, impure marble and dolomitic marble
nAaki4a Calcosilicate rocks
nAaki3 Iron formation
nAaki2 Biotite-muscovite paragneiss and paraschist
nAaki2c Biotite-muscovite-garnet paraschist
nAaki2b Biotite-muscovite-sillimanite paragneiss and paraschist
nAaki2a Biotite-muscovite-garnet paragneiss and paraschist
nAaki1 Migmatized biotite-muscovite paragneiss
Author: Simard et al., 2013
Age: Neoarchean
Stratotype: None
Type area: Kuujjuaq and Ungava Bay area (NTS sheets 24J and 24K)
Geological province: Churchill Province
Geological subdivision: Baleine Lithotectonic Domain
Lithology: Metasedimentary rocks
Category: Lithodemic
Rank: Suite
Status: Formal
Use: Active


The Akiasirviup Suite was defined in the Kuujjuaq and Ungava Bay area (Simard et al., 2013) to group weakly migmatized metasedimentary rocks interstratified with amphibolites of the Curot Suite and concentrated along the western edge of the Baleine Lithotectonic Domain. The Akiasirviup Suite was subsequently continued southward in the Saffray Lake (Lafrance et al., 2014) and Jeannin Lake (Charette et al., 2016) areas. Metasedimentary rocks now assigned to the Akiasirviup Suite were first mapped by Gélinas (1958, 1959), Sauvé (1957, 1959), Fahrig (1962) and Clark (1978). These various observations were compiled between 2009 and 2016 by Thomas Clark during preparation of the SIGÉOM compilation map.

As part of a synthesis of the Southeastern Churchill Province (SECP), Lafrance et al. (2018) identified new lithotectonic domains within the SECP and moved the boundary between the Rachel-Laporte and Baleine domains eastward. Due to the displacement of this boundary, the Akiasirviup Suite now includes metasedimentary rocks previously assigned by Girard (1995) to the Manereuille Complex (abandoned) in the Déborah Lake area, and some outcrops of metasedimentary rocks previously assigned to the Freneuse Suite.



The Akiasirviup Suite groups all little or not migmatized metasedimentary rocks of the Baleine Lithotectonic Domain (Simard et al., 2013). It has been divided into four units based on the dominant lithology: 1) migmatized paragneiss (nAaki1); 2) non-migmatized paragneiss and paraschist (nAaki2); 3) iron formation (nAaki3); and 4) calcosilicate rocks and marble (nAaki4). Centimetric to decametric layers of amphibolite and mafic intrusions of the Curot Suite are commonly interstratified with metasedimentary rocks.

Units nAaki3 and nAaki4 were described from a limited number of outcrops. Much of the information on these units comes from the compilation of previous work (Gélinas, 1958, 1959; Girard 1995).


Akiasirviup Suite 1 (nAaki1): Migmatized Biotite-Muscovite Paragneiss

Unit nAaki1 consists of weakly migmatized, more or less banded, light grey to beige, fine to medium-grained paragneiss. It is characterized by the presence of 3-10% slightly coarser-grained whitish leucosome that forms millimetric to centimetric discontinuous bands. It is foliated and has a well-developed granoblastic texture. On outcrops, the paragneiss unit was locally identified as quartzofeldspathic gneiss or banded tonalite due to its light colour, homogeneous appearance and low proportion of ferromagnesian minerals (5-15%). These rocks could correspond to arkosic sequences that are poor in clay minerals, metamorphosed and partially migmatized. However, more mica-rich millimetric to centimetric bands are regularly observed in paragneiss, as well as boudinaged millimetric veinlets of medium-grained quartz.

The amount of quartz is generally around 30%. Staining indicates the presence of K-feldspar (<25%) bands in some samples. Brown biotite and muscovite are present in similar amount (5-15%). Biotite is locally chloritized and commonly contains zircon inclusions. At least two generations of muscovite were observed in thin sections: thin flakes generally aligned in foliation, as well as large skeletal felt clusters aligned or not in foliation. Muscovite flakes located in the centre of lenticular clusters parallel to foliation are arranged at an angle with it. Accessory minerals are sparse and consist of apatite, epidote, opaque minerals, carbonate, sphene and allanite.


Akiasirviup Suite 2 (nAaki2): Biotite-Muscovite Paragneiss and Paraschist

Unit nAaki2 consists of banded, non-migmatized, granoblastic and fine-grained paragneiss and paraschist. These rocks’ protoliths appear mainly to be wacke and arkose. Banding is centimetric to decimetric and appears to represent relics of primary bedding. It consists of alternating light bands (grey or beige), containing <10% biotite, and darker biotite-rich schistose bands (15-25%). Muscovite is mostly present (1-10%). Accessory minerals are sparse and include apatite, sphene, opaque minerals, carbonates, chlorite, tourmaline, zircon and allanite.


Akiasirviup Suite 2a (nAaki2a): Biotite-Muscovite-Garnet Paragneiss and Paraschist

Rocks of this unit contain 5-15% light pink garnet as small isolated grains, centimetric clusters or idioblastic porphyroblasts 2-5 mm.


Akiasirviup Suite 2b (nAaki2b): Biotite-Muscovite-Sillimanite Paragneiss and Paraschist

Rocks of this unit are characterized by the presence of ~20% millimetric to centimetric whitish nodules consisting of thin sillimanite needles. This subunit is also richer in muscovite, which can account for up to 25% of the rock mode.


Akiasirviup Suite 2c (nAaki2c): Biotite-Muscovite-Garnet Paraschist

Unit containing metric to decametric layers of quartzofeldspathic schist previously assigned to the Manereuille Complex in the Déborah Lake area (Girard, 1995). These schists are interstratified with other paragneiss and paraschist of unit nAaki2, as well as with calcosilicate rocks of unit nAaki4. The unit also includes some outcrops of the northern part of the Baleine Domain. Schist contains up to 20% centimetric porphyroblastic garnet. This garnet is rich in inclusions mimicking the trace of straight or helical foliation. Biotite forms up to 30% of the schist. Quartz is abundant, granoblastic or in bands. Feldspar, scapolite, opaque minerals, apatite, zircon and rutile are present in traces.

Outcrops assigned to this unit in the northern part of the Baleine Domain also contain good amounts of sillimanite, kyanite and staurolite.


Akiasirviup Suite 3 (nAaki3): Iron Formation

Unit nApPaki3 consists of iron formation mostly at the silicate-oxide facies. The silicate facies has a heterogeneous and variegated appearance with a grey, green, brown or black colour. Rocks are massive, banded at the decimetre scale or laminated at the millimetre scale. They are mesocratic to melanocratic and are composed of 30-90% amphibole, 0-35% quartz, 5-30% garnet and 0-10% opaque minerals. Amphibole (grunerite and hornblende) is subidioblastic, acicular or granoblastic. Quartz is clear, granoblastic and interstitial with amphibole and garnet. Garnet forms idioblastic porphyroblasts, usually rich in quartz, amphibole and biotite inclusions. Incomplete rims or helicitic pressure shadows consisting of garnet, hornblende or scapolite are commonly observed around garnet. Opaque phases consist of xenoblastic magnetite and iron sulphides. Brown biotite, epidote, scapolite, apatite, zircon and rutile are accesory minerals.

Locally, sulphide facies iron formations are interstratified with amphibolites of the Curot Suite. This rock is composed of 50% pyrrhotite and 50% silicate fragments forming a durchbewegung texture. Fragments consist of granoblastic and polycrystalline quartz and plagioclase. Muscovite and chlorite are associated with them.


Akiasirviup Suite 4 (nAaki4): Calcosilicate Rocks and Marble

Akiasirviup Suite 4a (nAaki4a): Calcosilicate Rocks

Calcosilicate rocks display banding produced by alternating diopside-rich bands and quartzofeldspathic bands. Decimetric layers of marble, whitish, greenish or orange are observed within calcosilicate rocks.


Akiasirviup Suite 4b (nAaki4b): Marble, Impure Marble and Dolomitic Marble

Marble is white to cream-coloured or apple green and rough in altered surface, greyish in fresh exposure. It forms erosion-resistant decametric ridges. Its texture varies from massive to banded at the decimetre scale. Banding commonly displays intense folding at the decimetre to decametre scale, although marble layers have a regular and continuous pattern. This banding is produced by varying proportions of tremolite and carbonate. Carbonate-dominated rocks are generally saccharoidal and medium grained. Tremolite-rich lithologies have porphyroblastic, nematoblastic or fasciculate textures. Tremolite fibre intergrowth explains the strength of these rocks.

Marble is mainly dolomitic, locally calcitic. Carbonates (60-99%) are granoblastic, serrated or form porphyroclasts with neoblastic granules at edges. The second most important mineral is tremolite, white or cream, which occurs as millimetric idioblastic acicular prisms with no preferential orientation. Where very abundant (<50%), it can be porphyroblastic, forming intergrown prisms up to 10 cm. It also occurs as submillimetric needle bundles or stacks. Biotite and phlogopite form flakes floating in carbonate paste. Opaque minerals, titanite, apatite and zircon are locally visible accessory minerals. In places, plagioclase may represent 5% of the rock where associated with scapolite.


Akiasirviup Suite 4c (nAaki4c): Banded Calcosilicate Rocks

Calcosilicate rocks of this unit are confined to the Déborah Lake area (Girard, 1995). They are usually dark green to black, locally pepper and salt. The rock is well banded at the centimetre to decimetre scale. Banding of metamorphic or primary origin is marked by variations in mineral proportions. This banding can be regular or intensely folded as in unit nAaki4b marble. Unit nAaki4c is characterized by fasciculate actinolite. Stacks can reach a length of several centimetres and a diameter of several millimetres. They grow in the foliation plane, defining a remarkable garbenschiefer texture. They are rarely intergrown. Hornblende rims develop locally around actinolite. The matrix (10-60% of the rock) is composed of quartz, feldspar, scapolite and carbonate. Quartz can be dispersed in the matrix or segregated into millimetric bands. Feldspar is mainly granoblastic plagioclase. Scapolite pseudomorphose plagioclase and forms large mosaic poikiloblasts locally. Calcite is granoblastic or interstitial to other leucocratic phases. Brown biotite, locally replaced by chlorite, is an accessory mineral that can make up 10% of the rock. Other accessory minerals observed are sphene, garnet, opaque minerals, apatite and zircon. Garnet forms porphyroblasts rich in inclusions.


Thickness and distribution

The Akiasirviup Suite is mainly located along the western border of the Baleine Lithotectonic Domain. It is not observed throughout this domain and is mostly concentrated on its northern and southern ends. However, similar rocks were also observed in the central portion of the domain in the Jeannin Lake area (Charette et al., 2016). Units nAaki1 (1004 km2) and nAaki2 (598 km2) are the most common, while units nAaki3 (8 km2) and nAaki4 (27 km2) cover much smaller areas.



None. However, interstratification of metasedimentary rocks of the Akiasirviup Suite with those of the Grand Rosoy Suite (<2618 Ma; Davis and Sutcliffe, 2018) allows them to be assigned a Neoarchean age.

Stratigraphic Relationship(s)

Metasedimentary rocks of the Akiasirviup Suite are interstratified with amphibolites of the Curot Suite and metasedimentary rocks of the Grand Rosoy Suite. They are locally cut by intrusive rocks of the Dancelou Suite.


Does not apply.


Author(s) Title Year of Publication Hyperlink (EXAMINE or Other)
CHARETTE, B. – LAFRANCE, I. – MATHIEU, G. Géologie de la région du lac Jeannin (SNRC 24B). Ministère de l’Énergie et des Ressources naturelles, Québec. 2016

Electronic geological report

CLARK, T. Région du lac Hérodier (Nouveau-Québec) – rapport intérimaire. Ministère des Richesses naturelles, Québec; DPV 568, 48pages, 2 plans. 1978 DPV 568
DAVIS, D.W. – SUTCLIFFE, C.N. U-Pb Geochronology of Zircon and Monazite by LA-ICPMS in samples from northern Quebec. Ministère de l’Énergie et des Ressources naturelles, Québec; MB 2018-18, 54 pages. 2018 MB 2018-18
FAHRIG, W.F. Lac Hérodier, Québec. Commission géologique du Canada; carte 1146A (carte annotée). 1965 Source
GÉLINAS, L. Région du lac Gabriel (partie ouest), Nouveau-Québec. Ministère des Mines, Québec; RP 373, 11 pages, 1 plan. 1958 RP 373
Région du lac Gabriel (partie est), et la région de Fort Chimo (partie ouest), Nouveau-Québec. Ministère des Mines, Québec; RP 407, 11 pages, 1 plan.
1959 RP 407
GIRARD, R. Géologie de la région du lac Déborah, Territoire-du-Nouveau-Québec. Ministère des Ressources naturelles, Québec; MB 95-20, 186 pages et 3 plans. 1995 MB 95-20
LAFRANCE, I. – SIMARD, M. – BANDYAYERA, D. Géologie de la région du lac Saffray (SNRC 24G-24F). Ministère des Ressources naturelles, Québec; RG 2014-02, 49 pages. 2014 RG 2014-02
SAUVÉ, P. Région du lac de Freneuse (moitié est), Nouveau-Québec. Ministère des Mines, Québec; RP 358, 8 pages, 1 plan.


RP 358
SAUVÉ, P. Région de la baie aux Feuilles, Nouveau-Québec. Ministère des Mines, Québec; RP 399, 13 pages, 1 plan. 1959 RP 399
SIMARD, M. – LAFRANCE, I. – HAMMOUCHE, H. – LEGOUIX, C. Géologie de la région de Kuujjuaq et de la Baie d’Ungava (SNRC 24J et 24K). Ministère des Ressources naturelles, Québec; RG 2013-04, 60 pages. 2013 RG 2013-04



5 février 2020