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Adélard Structural Domain
Structural Label: DSade

First publication: October 12, 2022
Last modification:

 

 

Author(s)El Bourki and Moukhsil, 2022
MethodologyDefined from geological survey
Geological(s) subdivision(s)Grenville Province/Allochton
Main movement
Deformation stylePolyphase folding
Metamorphic facies (mean facies related to main deformation)Upper amphibolites to granulites

 

 

Background and Methodology

The Adélard Structural Domain (DSade) was defined from a geological mapping survey conducted by El Bourki and Moukhsil (2022) in the Dolbeau-Blondelas area (NTS sheet 32H07). Its name refers to Adélard Lake located in the northwestern part of sheet 32h07.

 

Boundaries and Morphology

WidthAverage width: 14 km (E-W axis)
LengthAverage length: 22 km (N-S axis)
OrientationNorth-south elongation

 

 

The Adélard Structural Domain (DSade) occupies the western part of sheet 32H07. It is bounded to the south by the Jean-Marie Structural Domain (DSjme), to the southeast by the Vertu Structural Domain (DSvtu) and to the northeast by the Crevier Structural Domain (DScre). The DSade appears to continue westward and northward into the region (sheets 32H06, 32H10 and 32H11) along a N-S elongation.

 

 

Stratigraphic Units Concerned

The stratigraphic units within the Adelard Structural Domain are:
–the Adelard Plutonic Suite (mPade);
–the Festins Plutonic Suite (mPfes);
–the Vertu Plutonic Suite (mPvet2);
–the Barrois Complex (mPboi4).

 

Structural Characteristics

In the Adelard Structural Domain, the rocks show a planar fabric that is expressed mainly by secondary mineral foliation, by foliation or mylonitic banding in the intrusive rocks, and by gneissosity or migmatitic banding in the metasedimentary rocks of the region.

❯ Main Fabrics

Sn = S2

 

 

The Adelard Structural Domain is characterized by a more or less homogeneous and penetrative planar fabric (Sn) trajectory in all outcrops of the domain. It has a main NE-SW direction with a mean dip towards the SE (mean foliation: 37°/32°).

In the metasedimentary rocks of the Barrois Complex, the Sn foliation is marked by a migmatitic banding, or a gneissosity characterized by the alternation of light and dark levels, respectively poor and rich in ferromagnesian minerals. In the intrusive rocks of the Festins (mPfes), Vertu (mPvet2) and Adélard (mPade) Plutonic Suites, the Sn planar fabric is expressed by a tectonometamorphic mineral foliation, gneissosity, foliation or diffuse mylonitic or migmatitic banding underlined by the preferred orientation of the ferromagnesian minerals or by the flattening and the preferred orientation of the minerals constituting the rock.

The mineral lineations carried by these planar fabric are, in general, tectonometamorphic or stretching mineral lineations. They have a mean direction of 145° and a dip component (mean Ln: 145°/32°).

 

Main FabricType of FabricDirection (°)Dip / Plunge (°)Number of Measurements
Sn foliationTectonometamorphic mineral foliation, gneissosity, mylonitic foliation or banding and migmatic or tectonic banding3732155
Ln lineationSecondary tectonometamorphic mineral lineation and stretch lineation1453283

 

❯ Other Fabrics

In the Adelard Structural Domain, the Sn+1 tectonometamorphic foliation has been observed in only a few outcrops where it cuts the Sn foliation. It is rarely measured, as it is confused with the main Sn fabric. In general, it is characterized by the flattening of quartz grains, feldspar grains, or both, as well as by a preferred orientation of ferromagnesian minerals (biotite), which is clearly visible at the level of fold hinges.

 

❯ Folds

Analysis of the distribution of geophysical lineaments, interpreted from planar fabric measurements and maps of the total magnetic field and its derivatives (Intissar and Benahmed, 2015), allows the distinction of at least two families of folds in the Adélard Structural Domain (DSade).

Geometric Parameters of Regional Folds: 

Fold or Family of FoldsType (Anticline, Syncline or Undetermined)Shape (Antiform or Synform)Attitude (Overturned or Upright)Axial PlaneFold AxisPosition (Certain or Probable)Deformation Phase
DirectionDipDirectionPlunge
NE-SW familyAntiform and synformUpright and overturnedNE-SWProbable and certain
NW-SE familyAntiform and synformOverturnedNW-SECertain

 

❯ Crosscutting Relationships

The Adélard Structural Domain is crossed by faults and shear zones deduced from field observations and/or maps of the aeromagnetic field and its derivatives (Intissar and Benahmed, 2015).

To the south of the domain, in the Festins Plutonic Suite, there are two kilometre-scale NE-SW faults of undetermined and reverse movement, respectively. The reverse fault enables the contact of an enclave from the Barrois Complex (mPboi4) with its host rock (mPfes). In the western part of the suite, two NW-SE shear zones of dextral and undetermined movement and a NE-SW fault of undetermined movement cut through the rocks of the suite.

East of the Adélard Plutonic Suite, a ~5.5 km long, NE-SW fault cuts the suite rocks. Its movement is undetermined.

 

Geometric Parameters of Regional Faults Cutting the Adélard Structural Domain:

Fault or Family of FaultsTypeMean DirectionMean Dip (°)Lineation Plunge in the Fault PlaneEstimated Width (m)Estimated Length (km)Apparent MovementPosition
NE-SW familyRegional faultsNE-SW~45<100 ?2 to 7.5Undetermined and reverseCertain
NW-SE familyShear zonesNW-SE~80<50 ?2 to 6Dextral and undeterminedCertain

 

❯ Kinematics

Does not apply.

Deformation Style

The Adélard Structural Domain has undergone moderate to strong deformation characterized by a well-developed planar fabric, which is more or less homogeneous and pervasive between the outcrops of each lithostratigraphic unit. The Sn planar fabric represents the early phase of deformation and is marked mainly by secondary mineral foliation, or mylonitic banding in the intrusive rocks or gneissosity in the metasedimentary rocks of the area. The domain underwent a second phase of deformation (Sn+1) characterized by folds (NE-SW and NW-SE) marked by the flattening of quartz and feldspar grains and the preferred orientation of (ferromagnesian) minerals, especially at the hinges. The orientation of the axial planes would indicate a major NW-SE compression.

 

Metamorphic Characteristics

Ten samples, which are representative of the lithostratigraphic units of the Adélard Structural Domain, were studied under a polarizing microscope to determine the type of metamorphism and the spatial distribution. The mineralogical parageneses and petrographic characteristics of these samples show that the metamorphic conditions within this domain have reached granulite facies characterized by the presence of orthopyroxene in all lithostratigraphic units, with the exception of a few places in the upper amphibolite facies.

The presence of orthopyroxene and perthite (potassium feldspar in albitic exsolution) in the rocks of the Festins, Vertu and Adélard Plutonic Suites reflects temperatures typical of granulite facies (≥600 °C). In places, we observe an assemblage of ferromagnesian minerals with biotite and hornblende (without pyroxene) as well as the phenomenon of uralitization of orthopyroxene into hornblende or biotite that can be explained by retrograde metamorphism in the amphibolite facies.

 

Alterations

Not observed.

 

Geophysical Characteristics

Magnetic textures observed on the high-resolution residual magnetic field map (Intissar and Benahmed, 2015) in the Adélard Structural Domain show that it is divided into three parts. In the south, the magnetic pattern shows a more or less elliptical ring texture of low contrast and high magnetism in the units of the Festins Plutonic Suite.

In the centre of the domain, the magnetic texture is contrastingly banded with low to medium magnetism corresponding to units of the Vertu Plutonic Suite (mPvet2). An elliptical N-S elongated high magnetism anomaly within this domain corresponds to an enclave of the Barrois Complex (mPboi4). To the north of the domain, the rocks of the Adélard Plutonic Suite (mPade) show a low-contrast, highly magnetic, more or less elliptical to circular (in places) magnetic ring texture with weak banding.

 

Chronological Markers

Does not apply.

 

References

Publications Available Through Sigéom Examine

 

El BOURKI, M., MOUKHSIL., A. 2022. Géologie de la région de Dolbeau-Blondelas, Province de Grenville, région du Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean, Québec, Canada. MERN; BG 2022-02, 1 plan.

INTISSAR, R., BENAHMED, S., 2015. Levé magnétique aéroporté dans le secteur ouest du Lac-St-Jean, Province de Grenville. MERN, GOLDAK AIRBORNE SURVEYS. DP 2015-06, 7 pages and 2 plans.

 

 

Suggested Citation

Ministère des Ressources naturelles et des forêts (MRNF). Adélard Structural Domain. Quebec Structural Lexicon. https://gq.mines.gouv.qc.ca/lexique-structural/domaine-structural-dadelard_en/ [accessed on Day Month Year].

 

Contributors

First publication

Mhamed El Bourki, GIT, M.Sc. mhamed.elbourki@mrnf.gouv.qc.ca; Abdelali Moukhsil, P. Geo., Ph.D. abdelali.moukhsil@mrnf.gouv.qc.ca (redaction)

Ghyslain Roy, P.Geo. (coordination); Fabien Soldagi, P.Geo., Ph.D. (critical review); Simon Auclair, P.Geo., M.Sc. (editing); André Tremblay (HTML editing); Catherine Tremblay (English version).

 

 

 

7 décembre 2023