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|Type area:||Otish Mountains area (NTS sheet 23D)|
|Geological province:||Superior Province|
|Geological subdivision:||Opatica Subprovince|
|Lithology:||Conglomerate and sandstone|
Bergeron (1957) defined the Otish Mountains Group as the NE extension of the Mistassini Basin. He recognized two sedimentary sequences (the lower and upper sequences) and a gabbro unit. Chown (1971) refers to the lower sequence as the Lac Indicator Formation, the gabbros as the Otish Mountains Gabbros, while the Otish Mountains Group becomes the Otish Group. Later, Chown and Caty (1973) renamed the sedimentary units “Otish Group” and “Indicator Formation”, and assigned the upper sequence to the Péribonca Formation. In its synthesis of the Otish Basin, Genest (1989) subsequently subdivided and elevated the Indicator and Péribonca formations to group status, leading to the redefinition of the Otish Group as a supergroup. Genest (1989) also proposed to integrate all units of the Mistassini Group into the Otish Supergroup. This proposal is not accepted here. Correlations between the different nomenclature used in previous work are summarized in the table below, as well as in the summary table of Genest (1989, p. 21). Compilation maps of the Ministère (MRNF, 2010a-c) are essentially based on descriptions from Genest (1989) which are summarized in the following section.
|Actual Unit||Genest (1989)||Chown and Caty (1973)||Chown (1971)||Bergeron (1957)|
|Otish Supergroup||Otish Supergroup||Otish Group||Otish Group||Otish Group|
|Péribonca Group||Péribonca Group||Péribonca Formation||Upper Division||Upper Sequence|
|Marie-Victorin Formation||Marie-Victorin Formation||Member B (upper part)|
|Gaschet Formation||Gaschet Formation|
Member B (lower part)
Member A (upper part)
|Laparre Formation||Laparre Formation||Member A (lower part)|
|Indicator Group||Indicator Group||Indicator Formation||Lac Indicator Formation||Lower Sequence|
|Shikapio Formation||Shikapio Formation|
|Matoush Formation||Matoush Formation|
The Otish Supergroup consists of two distinct lithostratigraphic units, the Indicator and Péribonca groups. The Indicator Group consists mainly of sandstone and oligomictic quartz pebble conglomerate. If overlying Archean volcano-sedimentary units, basal conglomerate is polymictic in a thin layer. The Péribonca Group is characterized by two sedimentary cycles, each consisting of a polymictic conglomerate unit at the base that gradually changes to sandstone and red siltstones. Although no major unconformity was observed between the Péribonca and Indicator groups, some field evidence suggests an erosional discordance. Indeed, angular fragments of quartzitic sandstone in the polymictic conglomerate of the Laparre Formation at the base of the Péribonca Group are believed to have originated from the underlying Shikapio Formation.
Thickness and distribution
The Otish Supergroup occupies almost the entire area of the Otish Basin, which is elongated along a general NE-SW axis, following the trace of a regional synform, and is approximately 150 km by 15-40 km. Its thickness is estimated to be 2400 m (Genest, 1989). Discontinuous strips up to 20 km long and up to 5 km wide are also located SE and SW of the basin, in the same general direction. Paleoproterozoic units of the Otish Basin generally have shallow dips. The distribution of the different sedimentary units is largely controlled by the underlying Archean basement paleotopography, fault zones and topography of the area.
The Otish Supergroup is cut by gabbro dykes and sills associated with the Otish Gabbro dated to 2169 Ma (Hamilton and Buchan, 2016; Miligragovic et al., 2016), giving it a minimum sedimentation age.
In the Otish Basin, sedimentary rocks of the Otish Supergroup unconformably overlie the partially regolitized Archean basement (Chown and Caty, 1973; Caty, 1976; Chown and Caty, 1983) that consist of granitoids, migmatized gneiss and strips of volcano-sedimentary rocks. The Otish Supergroup is cut by gabbro dykes and sills associated with the Otish Gabbro, mainly in peripheral units of the Indicator Group.
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Publications Available Through SIGÉOM Examine
CATY, J.L. 1976. STRATIGRAPHIE ET SÉDIMENTOLOGIE DE LA FORMATION PAPASKWASATI DE LA RÉGION DU LAC MISTASSINI, QUÉBEC. MRN. DPV 423, 288 pages.
CHOWN, E H. 1971. RÉGION DE LA RIVIÈRE SAVANNE, TERRITOIRE DE MISTASSINI, COMTÉS DE ROBERVAL ET DE CHICOUTIMI. MRN. RG 146, 42 pages and 1 plan.
MRNF. 2010a. CARTE(S) GÉOLOGIQUE(S) DU SIGÉOM – feuillet 22M. CG SIGEOM22M, 16 plans.
MRNF. 2010b. CARTE(S) GÉOLOGIQUE(S) DU SIGÉOM – feuillet 23D. CG SIGEOM23D, 16 plans.
MRNF. 2010c. CARTE(S) GÉOLOGIQUE(S) DU SIGÉOM – feuillet 32P. CG SIGEOM32P, 16 plans.
Bergeron, R. 1957. Late Precambrian rocks of the north shore of the St. Lawrence River and of the Mistassini and Otish Mountains areas, Quebec. In The Proterozoic in Canada. Edited by Gill, J.E. Royal Society of Canada, Special Publication 2, pages 124-131.
Chown, E.H., Caty, J.L. 1973. Stratigraphy, petrography and paleocurrent analysis of the Aphebian clastic formations of the Mistassini-Otish Basin. In Huronian stratigraphy and sedimentation. Edited by G.M. Young. Geological Association of Canada; Special Paper 12, pages 49-71.
Chown, E.H., Caty, J.L. 1983. Diagenesis of the Aphebian Mistassini regolith, Quebec, Canada. Precambrian Research; 19, pages 285-299. https://doi.org/10.1016/0301-9268(83)90017-7
Genest, S. 1989. Histoire géologique du Bassin d’Otish, protérozoïque inférieur (Québec). Université de Montréal, Doctoral thesis, 334 pages.
Hamilton, M.A., Buchan, K.L. 2016. A 2169 Ma U–Pb baddeleyite age for the Otish Gabbro, Quebec: implications for correlation of Proterozoic magmatic events and sedimentary sequences in the eastern Superior Province. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences; 53, pages 119-128. https://doi.org/10.1139/cjes-2015-0131
Miligragovic, D., Beaudoin, G., Hamilton, M.A., King, J.J. 2016. The Paleoproterozoic Otish Gabbro suite and coeval dyke swarms of the Superior Province: Probing the ca. 2.17Ga mantle. Precambrian Research; 278, pages 126-144. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.precamres.2016.03.012
Ministère de l’Énergie et des Ressources naturelles (MERN). Otish Supergroup. Quebec Stratigraphic Lexicon. https://gq.mines.gouv.qc.ca/lexique-stratigraphique/province-du-superieur/supergroupe-otish_en [accessed on Day Month Year].
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Mehdi A. Guemache, P. Geo., Ph.D. (coordination); Claude Dion, Eng., M.Sc. (critical review and editing); Céline Dupuis, P. Geo., Ph.D. (English version); André Tremblay (HTML editing).