Giton Complex
Stratigraphic label: [ppro]git
Map symbol: pPgit

First published: 20 October 2016
Last modified: 10 December 2020




  DISCLAIMER: This English version is translated from the original French. In case of any discrepancy, the French version shall prevail. 

Informal subdivision(s)
Numbering does not necessarily reflect the stratigraphic position.
pPgit2 Heterogranular diatexite
pPgit1 Migmatized paragneiss
Author: Charette et al., 2016
Age: Paleoproterozoic
Stratotype: None
Type area: Jeannin Lake area (NTS sheet 24B)
Geological province: Churchill Province
Geological subdivision: Rachel-Laporte Lithotectonic Domain
Lithology: Diatexite and migmatized paragneiss
Category: Lithodemic
Rank: Complex
Status: Formal
Use: Active


The Giton Complex was introduced in the Jeannin Lake area (Charette et al., 2016) to group heterogranular diatexites (ApPgit2) interpreted as circumscribed to a tectonic slice within the Rachel-Laporte Lithotectonic Domain. Hence it is a structural complex.



Migmatites of sedimentary origin of the Giton Complex include two informal units: migmatized paragneiss (ApPgit1) and heterogranular diatexite (ApPgit2).


Giton Complex 1 (pPgit1): Migmatized Paragneiss

Migmatized paragneiss of unit pPgit1 varies in composition from metapelite to meta-arenite to metawacke. Changes in the main minerals’ content locally induce banding. The amount of millimetric to centimetric leucosome bands fluctuates with the protolith (≤20%), increasing the banded appearance of the rock. Paragneiss is generally homogeneous and fine-grained. It is grey with a lighter alteration patina, locally beige to brownish. In thin sections, the matrix is well recrystallized. Micas (biotite and muscovite) make up 10-25% of the rock and form millimetric laminae marking foliation. Garnet commonly occurs as brown to pinkish crystals or porphyroblasts (1-5 mm). Staurolite locally occurs as small subhedral crystals within biotite and muscovite laminae. Accessory minerals (chlorite, opaque minerals, sphene, apatite, zircon and allanite) are also observed in small amounts. In places, actinolite forms felt clusters that preserve clinopyroxene cores. In some areas of unit ApPgit1, muscovite-biotite-garnet paraschist and garnet amphibolite form metric to hectometric layers.


Giton Complex 2 (pPgit2): Heterogranular Diatexite

Unit pPgit2 consists of homogeneous diatexite whose composition varies from granodiorite to quartz monzodiorite. The rock is heterogranular, yellowish to brownish grey, and shows a well-developed foliation associated locally with a protomylonitic texture. Diatexite regularly contains 15-30% centimetric phenocrystals of plagioclase and K-feldspar. It also includes 15-25% quartz and 5-20% microcline, interstitial or as phenocrystals. Silicate minerals float in a fine-grained matrix rich in brown biotite (20-40%) containing sphene and zircon inclusions. The rock also contains some hornblende (<5%), as well as zoisite and allanite. Plagioclase is slightly sericitized. Quartz displays undulatory extinction and partial recrystallization at the edge of larger crystals. Diatexite contains up to 10% centimetric to decimetric enclaves and layers (“schollen” or rafts) of variably migmatized biotite ± garnet paragneiss similar to that of unit ApPgit1. Certain metre-wide diatexite layers show greater deformation indicated by anastomosed foliation and the transformation of phenocrystals into sigmoid porphyroclasts associated with recrystallization tails.


Thickness and distribution

The Giton Complex is located in the southern portion of the Jeannin Lake area (Charette et al., 2016) where it forms a tectonic slice ~28 km long by 7 km wide and oriented NW-SE within the Rachel-Laporte Lithotectonic Domain. It covers an area of ~145 km2.



The Paleoproterozoic age around 1829 Ma is similar to that obtained within diatexites of the Winnie Suite (~1838 Ma; Davis et al., 2015) of the Baleine Lithotectonic Domain. The presence of an inherited component around 2.12 Ga suggests that the Giton Complex is derived from the melting of Palaeoproterozoic metasedimentary rocks (Rayner et al., 2019).

Unit Sample Number Isotopic System Mineral Crystallization Age (Ma) (+) (-) Inherited Age (Ma) References (s)
pPgit2 2015-LP-2149A U-Pb Zircon 1829  2  2  2847-2730 Rayner et al., 2019
2.12 Ga


Stratigraphic Relationship(s)

The Giton Complex is interpreted as a tectonic slice and is therefore in fault contact with volcano-sedimentary rocks of the Laporte Supersuite (Charette et al.., 2016). This unit could also represent part of the metasedimentary rocks of the Freneuse Suite that were buried deeper during the New Quebec Orogen. However, this scenario appears unlikely (Lafrance and Vanier, 2021) due to the age of the Giton Complex (1829 Ma), which is older than burial of the Rachel-Laporte Domain under the Baleine Domain (1800 Ma; Godet et al., 2020).


Does not apply.


Publications Available Through SIGÉOM Examine

CHARETTE, B., LAFRANCE, I., MATHIEU, G. 2016. Géologie de la région du lac Jeannin, Québec, Canada. MERN. BG 2015-01, 1 plan.


LAFRANCE, I., VANIER, M.-A. 2021. Domaine lithotectonique de Rachel-Laporte, sud-est de la Province de Churchill, Québec, Canada : synthèse de la géologie. Ministère de l’Énergie et des Ressources naturelles. BG 2021-01

Other Publications

GODET, A., GUILMETTE, C., LABROUSSE, L., DAVIS, D.W., VANIER, M.A., LAFRANCE, I., CHARETTE, B. 2020. Contrasting P-T-t paths reveal a metamorphic discontinuity in the New Quebec Orogen: insights into Paleoproterozoic orogenic processes. Precambrian Research; vol. 342, article 105675.

RAYNER, N.M., LAFRANCE, I., CORRIGAN, D., CHARETTE, B. 2019. SHRIMP U-Pb zircon results from the Jeannin Lake area, Quebec. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 8626, 6 pages.


Suggested Citation

Ministère de l’Énergie et des Ressources naturelles (MERN). Giton Complex. Quebec Stratigraphic Lexicon. [accessed on day month year].


First publication

Benoit Charette, P. Geo., M.Sc. (redaction)

Marie-Andrée Vézina, P. Geo. (coordination); Thomas Clark, P. Geo., Ph.D. (critical review); Pierre Lacoste, P. Geo. (editing); Céline Dupuis, P. Geo., Ph.D. (English version); André Tremblay (HTML editing). 




11 février 2020