Lablois Suite
Stratigraphic label: [narc]slb
Map symbol: nAslb

First published: 3 April 2018
Last modified: 19 January 2024











  DISCLAIMER: This English version is translated from the original French. In case of any discrepancy, the French version shall prevail.  

Informal subdivision(s)
Numbering does not necessarily reflect the stratigraphic position.
nAslb2 Actinolite-tremolite metawebsterite
nAslb1 Phlogopite-actinolite-tremolite metawebsterite
Author(s): Goutier et Gigon, 2015
Age: Neoarchean
Stratotype: None
Type area: SE portion of NTS sheet 33F01, approximately 10 km east of Lablois Lake. The most differentiated facies outcrops in the suite are located 3 km west of Pelletan Lake (sheet 33H04, Pelletan Ultramafic Intrusion; Goutier et al., in preparation) and 21 km NE of the Éléonore Mine facility (sheet 33B13, Giard Ultramafic Intrusion, Bandyayera et al., 2010).
Geological province: Superior Province
Geological subdivision: La Grande and Opinaca subprovinces
Lithology: Olivine metawebsterite and metawebsterite
Category: Lithodemic
Rank: Suite
Status: Formal
Use: Active




Related unit(s)
  • Lablois Suite
    • Pelletan Ultramafic Intrusion
    • Giard Ultramafic Intrusion








Ultramafic intrusions in the La Grande and Opinaca subprovinces have been observed since the early mapping of this area (e.g., Eade Unit 9, 1966; Ub on Sharma Map 1878, 1977). During the 2012 geological mapping, several orthopyroxene porphyroblast or anthophyllite-rich ultramafic intrusions were mapped in several portions of sheet 33H (Goutier, 2012; Gigon et al., 2013 a et b; Chartier-Montreuil, 2013; Hammouche et al., 2016; Goutier et al., 2021). In 2013, an honours thesis was undertaken to characterize these intrusions and divide them into several groups (Grezla, 2014). As a result, the Lablois Suite was defined based on work results of Chartier-Montreuil (2013) and Grezla (2014), as well as geological mapping work of 2015 and 2016 (sheets 33F01, 33F02, 33F07, 33G04 and 33G05; Goutier et Gigon, 2015; Goutier and Gigon, 2016a and b; Gigon and Goutier, 2017; Goutier, 2018; Gigon et al., 2020) and the visit of the Giard Ultramafic Intrusion (Bandyayera et al., 2010) outcrops by J. Goutier in 2015. Its name is associated with the Lablois Lake, in the south of the sheet 33F01, on the west side of which an intrusion outcrops. Hammouche and Burniaux (2018) divided this suite into two units, depending on the abundance of micas in the rock; unit nAslb1 combines intrusions rich in phlogopite and biotite, while unit nAslb2 is composed of intrusions lacking or very poor in micas.





Lablois Suite, Undivided (nAslb): Olivine ± Phlogopite Metawebsterite, Usually Orthopyroxene and Anthophyllite Porphyroblastic

Undifferentiated unit nAslb of the Lablois Suite consists of an olivine metawebsterite, with or without phlogopite, commonly orthopyroxene and anthophyllite porphyroblastic. Intrusive masses are generally small (<2 km²). They are characterized by a high magnetic susceptibility that allows for easy identification on the magnetic gradient map. The undivided unit nAslb corresponds to ultramafic intrusions without distinction of the presence of phlogopite.


At the scale of the outcrop, the rocks form rounded hills a few metres high. The rock patina is brown to greenish and the fresh surface is dark green to black. Olivine metawebsterite usually contains phlogopite. Rock typically has a porphyroblastic texture due to orthopyroxene recrystallization. This corresponds to a “ball” facies with porphyroblasts ranging in diameter from 0.5 to 10 cm. These rocks may show weak foliation or even banding. The typical mineralogical assemblage consists of orthopyroxene, partially serpentinized olivine, tremolite, phlogopite, magnetite and traces of spinel.

Rocks are also characterized by weak preservation of primary orthopyroxene and olivine, which are replaced by tremolite/cummingtonite, orthopyroxene and anthophyllite porphyroblasts. The “needle” facies is associated with anthophyllite-rich rock (>15%) with crystals up to 7 cm long. Carbonate, talc and chlorite alterations are also observed. A certain number of outcrops are located near shear corridors. Locally, contain anomalous contents in gold (> 300 ppb Au, geochemical anlysis 1906020351), platinum group elements or chromium (geochemical anlysis 2013056557) are observed.



Lablois Suite 1 (nAslb1): Phlogopite and Actinolite-Tremolite Metawebsterite

Lablois Suite unit nAslb1 corresponds in all respects to the undivided Lablois Suite (nAslb), except for high phlogopite content (≥5%).


Lablois Suite 2 (nAslb2): Actinolite-Tremolite Metawebsterite

Unit nAslb2 has the same characteristics as the undivided Lablois Suite (nAslb), except for the absence or very low content of phlogopite (<5%).


Thickness and Distribution

The intrusions belonging to the Lablois Suite are small (maximum area of 2 km², average of 0.32 km²; Duvernois, 2017). Altogether, the suite covers a total area of about 20 km². It is primarily located in the Opinaca Subprovince, or at the interface between the La Grande and Opinaca subprovinces (sheets 33H01, 33H02 and 33H03). In many cases, intrusions are parallel or adjacent to shear zones and occur as locally boudinaged metric dykes. Some of these dykes are adjacent to gold-bearing zones (e.g., Quentin Showing, outcrop 2012-QD-2133, sheet 33H04). 


U-Pb on zircons age of 2619.6 +1.9/-1.4 Ma (David et al., 2011) has been obtained on a felsic dyke cutting the Giard Ultramafic Intrusion (outcrop 2008-PR-6037), which is related to the Lablois Suite. It is therefore a minimum intrusion age for the Lablois Suite. 

Stratigraphic Relationship(s)

Ultramafic intrusions cut almost every unit in the Opinaca Subprovince. They are intrusive into the rocks of the Trieste and Rivière Solomon formations. These rocks are less deformed than those of the Laguiche Complex, but have undergone significant metamorphism which resulted in the recrystallization of orthopyroxene and olivine. They are cut by dykes of the Vieux Comptoir Granitic Suite, as well as diabases of the Lac Esprit Dykes. 


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Publications Available through SIGÉOM Examine


DAVID, J., VAILLANCOURT, D., BANDYAYERA, D., SIMARD, M., GOUTIER, J., PILOTE, P., DION, C., BARBE, P., 2011. Datations U-Pb effectuées dans les sous-provinces d’Ashuanipi, de La Grande, d’Opinaca et d’Abitibi en 2008-2009. GEOTOP UQAM, UNIVERSITE DU QUEBEC A CHICOUTIMI, MRNF; RP 2010-11, 37 pages.

GIGON, J., GOUTIER, J., 2017. Géologie de la région du lac Richardie, municipalité d’Eeyou Istchee Baie-James. MERN; RG 2016-04, 45 pages, 2 plans.



GIGON, J., GOUTIER, J., CÔTÉ-ROBERGE, M., 2020. Géologie de la région du lac de Villaret (SNRC 33F01 et 33F08), municipalité d’Eeyou Istchee Baie-James. MERN; RG 2019-01, 42 pages, 1 plan.

GOUTIER, J., 2012. GEOLOGIE – LAC PELLETAN. MRN; CG-33H04-2012-01, 1 plan.

GOUTIER, J., 2018. Géologie de la région du lac Ewart, sous-provinces de La Grande et d’Opinaca, à l’est de Radisson, Eeyou Istchee Baie-James, Québec, Canada. MERN; BG 2018-10, 2 plans.

GOUTIER, J., GIGON, J., 2015. GEOLOGIE – LAC DE VILLARET. MERN; CG-2015-03, 2 plans.

GOUTIER, J., GIGON, J., 2016a. GEOLOGIE – REGION DU LAC EWART. MERN; CG-2016-04, 1 plan.


GOUTIER, J., GIGON, J., BURNIAUX, P., DION, C., TALLA TAKAM, F., CHARTIER-MONTREUIL, W., BANDYAYERA, D., 2021. Géologie de la région du lac de la Corvette, Eeyou Istchee Baie-James. MERN; RG 2020-01, 69 pages, 1 plan.

HAMMOUCHE, H., BURNIAUX, P., 2018. Géologie de la région du lac Joubert (SNRC 23E03, 23E04, 33H01), municipalité d’Eeyou Istchee Baie-James. MERN; RG 2018-04, 53 pages. 

SHARMA, K N M., 1977. Région de la Grande Rivière. MRN; RG 184, 83 pages, 3 plans.


Other Publications

CHARTIER-MONTREUIL, W. 2013. Minéralogie et géochimie d’une intrusion ultramafique du Laguiche, Baie James. Université Laval, projet de fin d’études, 68 pages.

DUVERNOIS, A. 2017. Étude des intrusions ultramafiques des sous-provinces de La Grande et d’Opinaca. Étude des faciès à anthophyllite et phlogopite. Université UniLasalle, Beauvais, France. Mémoire d’ingénieur géologue, 89 pages.

EADE, K. E. 1966. Fort George and Kaniapiskau river (west half) map-areas, New Quebec. Geological Survey of Canada; memoir 339, 84 pages.

GRZELA, D. 2014. Étude pétrographique et géochimique des intrusions ultramafiques de la région du lac Richardie, Baie-James, Québec. Université d’Ottawa, projet de fin d’études, 48 pages.


Suggested Citation

Ministère de l’Énergie et des Ressources naturelles (MERN). Lablois Suite. Quebec Stratigraphic Lexicon. [accessed on Day Month Year].



First publication

Alban Duvernois, M.Sc.; Jean Goutier, P. Geo., M.Sc. (redaction)

Mehdi A. Guemache, P. Geo., Ph.D. (coordination); Pierre Lacoste, P. Geo., M.Sc. (critical review); Simon Auclair, P. Geo., M.Sc. (editing); Céline Dupuis, P. Geo., Ph.D. (English version); Nathalie Bouchard and Yan Carette (HTML editing). 

8 novembre 2018