Juillet Syenite
Stratigraphic label: [mpro]jui
Map symbol: mPjui

First published: 30 January 2019
Last modified:
















Translation of original French




Informal subdivision(s)
Numbering does not necessarily reflect the stratigraphic position.
mPjui2 Fayalite gabbro
mPjui1 Alkali feldspar-clinopyroxene syenite


Author: Taner, 1992; Hammouche et al., 2012
Age: Mesoproterozoic
Stratotype: None
Type area: Juillet Lake area (NTS sheets 23I16 and 23I09)
Geological province: Churchill Province and Nain Province (Labrador)
Geological subdivision: Mistinibi-Raude Lithotectonic Domain
Lithology: Syenite
Category: Lithodemic
Rank: Lithodeme
Status: Formal
Use: Active




Taner (1992) first described this circular-shaped unit and referred to it as the « Juillet Lake Syenitic Intrusion ». Hammouche et al. (2012) later changed this name for the simplified term “Juillet Syenite”. The unit takes its name from Juillet Lake, which is located directly to the east.




The Juillet Syenite (mPjui) is a concentric arrangement of zones that are more magnetic than the surrounding rocks. It consists of two informal units: an alkali feldspar syenite (mPjui1) and a gabbro (mPjui2).



Juillet Syenite 1 (mPjui1): Alkali Feldspar-Clinopyroxene Syenite

Unit mPjui1 consists of alkali feldspar-clinopyroxene syenite. This unit is the dominant phase of the intrusion and appears as large smooth-surface outcrops in positive relief. The rock is medium grained, homogeneous, undeformed and slightly fractured. It has a white to orange brown patina and is greenish white to brownish green in fresh exposure. It is composed of 80 to 95% orthose and microcline, 10 to 20% clinopyroxene (aegyrine-augite), some amphibole (hastingite) and <1 to 5% fayalite. Accessory minerals are magnetite, plagioclase, zircon, allanite, apatite, biotite, sphene and a bluish green amphibole. The rock is slightly altered. Ferromagnesian minerals are locally replaced by allanite and amphibole on crystal edges. K-feldspar is highly perthitic and zircon forms large euhedral crystals.

Unit mPjui1 also includes a few centimetre-thick dykes of dark greenish grey fine-grained monzonite. These dykes, described by Taner (1992) as possible lamprophyres, contain phenocrystals of ferromagnesian minerals in a plagioclase-K-feldspar matrix. Ferromagnesian minerals consist of brown hornblende (20%), clinopyroxene (15%), iron-rich olivine, 5% opaque minerals (ilmenite and magnetite), and 2% sphene and apatite.

Unit mPjui1 alkali feldspar syenite also contains decametric enclaves of paragneiss, iron formation and mafic metavolcanic rocks that attest to the presence of an ancient Paleoproterozoic cover.



Juillet Syenite 2 (mPjui2): Fayalite Gabbro

Unit mPjui2 is located in the central portion of the intrusion. It is a homogeneous, massive, medium to coarse-grained, beige to brown and highly magnetic gabbro. The rock is composed of plagioclase, titanium augite, biotite, fayalite and magnetite. The fayalite content ranges from <1% to 30%. Plagioclase crystals are subhedral to anhedral, rounded and coarser than ferromagnesian minerals that are interstitial between plagioclase crystals or clusters. Accessory minerals are apatite, zircon, titanite and allanite.

This gabbro is also observed in sparse isolated outcrops within unit mPjui1. It is therefore possible that some highly magnetic bands visible on the residual component of the total magnetic field map, but not outcropping, could be related to the presence of this magnetite-rich gabbro.


Thickness and Distribution

The Juillet Syenite forms a circular intrusion (~8 km in diameter) in the southern Mistinibi-Raude Lithotectonic Domain (Lafrance et al., 2019), on the Labrador border. Unit mPjui2 gabbro covers a limited area (1 km2) in the centre of the intrusion and locally forms a few masses within unit mPjui1 (52 km2).


The Juillet Syenite was sampled for geochronology during the mapping work of Hammouche et al. (2012). Analyses of this sample (2010-JG-1566-A) confirm the Mesoproterozoic crystallization age around 1480 Ma (David et al., 2012). This age is comparable to that of the Ramusio Granite (mPram), but is significantly older than the Michikamats Granite (1459 ±2 Ma; James and Mahoney, 1994) located in Labrador, immediately SW of the Juillet Lake area.

Isotopic System Mineral Crystallization Age (Ma) (+) (-) Reference(s)
U-Pb Zircon 1479.9 12.6 12.6 David et al., 2012

Stratigraphic Relationship(s)

The Juillet Syenite cuts gneiss and tonalite of the Jannière Complex (ApPjai). Decametric enclaves of paragneiss, iron formation and mafic metavolcanics of Archean and Paleoproterozoic units are present in alkali feldspar syenite (mPjui1). Monzonite dykes (lamprophyres?) cutting unit mPjui1 could represent a mafic rock associated with syenite, according to Taner (1992). The author also mentions that the Juillet Syenite could represent a satellite intrusion of the Michikamau Suite. These two units are approximately the same age.


Does not apply.


Author(s) Title Year of Publication Hyperlink (EXAMINE or Other)
DAVID, J. – SIMARD, M. – BANDYAYERA, D. – GOUTIER, J. –  HAMMOUCHE, H. – PILOTE, P. – LECLERC, F. – DION, C. Datations U-Pb effectuées dans les Provinces du Supérieur et de Churchill en 2010-2011. Ministère des Ressources naturelles et de la Faune, Québec; RP 2012-01, 33 pages. 2012 RP 2012-01
HAMMOUCHE, H. – LEGOUIX, C. – GOUTIER, J. – DION, C. Géologie de la région du lac Zéni. Ministère des Ressources naturelles, Québec; RG 2012-02, 35 pages, 1 plan. 2012 RG 2012-02
JAMES, D.T. – MAHONEY, K.L. Structural, metamorphic and intrusive relations in the hinterland of the eastern Churchill Province, Western Labrador. In: Current Research. Newfoundland Department of Mines and Energy, Geological Survey Branch; Report 94-1, pages 216-230. 1994
CHARETTE, B. – LAFRANCE, I. – VANIER, M.-A. –  GODET, A. Domaine de Mistinibi-Raude, sud-est de la Province de Churchill, Nunavik, Québec, Canada : synthèse de la géologie. Ministère de l’Énergie et des Ressources naturelles, Québec. BG 2019-07. 2019 BG 2019-07
TANER, M.F. Reconnaissance géologique de la région du lac Juillet, Territoire du Nouveau-Québec. Ministère de l’Énergie et des Ressources, Québec; MB 91-19, 132 pages, 7 plans. 1992 MB 91-19



12 août 2020