Joubert Suite
Stratigraphic label: [narc]jbt
Map symbol: nAjbt

First published: 5 June 2018
Last modified:






























Translation of original French



Informal subdivision(s)
Numbering does not necessarily reflect the stratigraphic position.
nAjbt2 Biotite-hornblende tonalitic and dioritic gneiss
nAjbt1 Foliated, banded or gneissic biotite-magnetite tonalite and granodiorite
nAjbt Hornblende-biotite tonalite or granodiorite
Author: Lamothe et al., 2000
Age: Neoarchean
Reference section: None
Type area: Joubert lake area (NTS sheet 23E04)
Geological province: Superior Province
Geological subdivision: La Grande and Opinaca subprovinces
Lithology: Biotite ± magnetite ± hornblende tonalite and granodiorite; biotite-hornblende tonalitic and dioritic gneiss
Type: Lithodemic
Rank: Suite
Status: Formal
Use: Active




The Joubert Suite was introduced by Lamothe et al. (2000) following sheet 23E mapping campaign to consolidate various tonalite and granodiorite intrusions in the La Grande and Opinaca subprovinces. Rocks of the Joubert Suite are foliated or have characteristic gneissic banding. Based on the work of Sawyer (1998), Lamothe et al. (2000) interpreted these structures as resulting from high-temperature crustal shearing.

The Ministère’s mapping work from 2013 to 2016 resulted in a more detailed 1:50 000 mapping of this unit and its extension in sheets 33H and 23D (Gigon and Goutier, 2017; Hammouche and Burniaux, 2018; Burniaux et al., 2019; Talla Takam et al., in preparation). Rocks of the Joubert Suite in sheet 33H correspond in part to the Nord Gneiss and Sud Gneiss of Hocq (1985).



The Joubert Suite is subdivided into three informal units: hornblende-biotite tonalite or granodiorite (nAjbt), foliated, banded or gneissis biotite-magnetite tonalite and granodiorite (nAjbt1), and biotite-hornblende tonalitic and dioritic gneiss (nAjbt2). 


Joubert Suite (nAjbt): Hornblende-Biotite Tonalite or Granodiorite

Unit nAjbt was recognized in the 1:250 000-scale mapped area by Lamothe et al. (2000) and was not examined in detail. This unit, located in sheets 23E02, 23E06 and 23E13, consists of hornblende-biotite tonalite or granodiorite commonly foliated to gneissic. Magnetite and clinopyroxene, as well as paragneiss enclaves, are observed locally.


Joubert Suite 1 (nAjbt1): Foliated, Banded or Gneissis Biotite-Magnetite Tonalite and Granodiorite

Unit nAjbt1 is the main unit of the Joubert Suite. It consists of a package of foliated, banded or gneissic biotite-magnetite tonalite and granodiorite. Fresh and altered surfaces are grey. The rock is foliated, granoblastic, and fine to medium grained. As the deformation intensity increases, the texture changes to gneissic and banded. Tonalite and granodiorite are composed of biotite (5-40%) and magnetite (<3%) as well as local epidote (<1%), sphene (<1%), hornblende (<8%), pyrite and pyrrhotite (<1%). The relative abundance of plagioclase is confirmed by stains that indicate a tonalitic composition close to a granodiorite.


Joubert Suite 2 (nAjbt2): Biotite-Hornblende Tonalitic and Dioritic Gneiss

Unit nAjbt2 unit is observed in the area of sheets 33H07, 33H08, 33H09 and 33H10. It consists of very deformed biotite-hornblende tonalitic and dioritic gneiss. The intense foliation or banding is folded at the outcrop scale. The rock consists of alternating decimetric tonalitic gneiss and dioritic gneiss. Both lithologies contain biotite, hornblende and, sparsely, sphene (1-2%), diopside, pyrite (1%), magnetite (1%), epidote (1%) and chlorite. They are distinguished primarily by the abundance of ferromagnesian minerals: in tonalitic gneiss, biotite varies between 1 and 20% and hornblende is scarce, whereas in dioritic gneiss, hornblende dominates (10-50%) and biotite accounts for only 10% of the total. This difference in composition influences the rock colour in fresh and altered surface, which is beige grey for tonalite and greenish grey for diorite. Gneiss are fine to medium grained and may have biotite schlierens or granite and diorite boudins, which are evidence of significant deformation. Dioritic gneiss is granoblastic. Unit nAjbt2 is also cut by numerous conformable and boudinaged centimetric quartz veins and by millimetric to decimetric granite intrusions. Granitic intrusions parallel to foliation accentuate the banded appearance of gneiss. Hornblendite or amphibolite enclaves or centimetric lenses were observed.

From a geochemical perspective, rocks of units nAjbt1 and nAjbt2 are calc-alkaline, peraluminous to metaluminous, and derived from a type-I magma that has evolved in a tectonic context comparable to volcanic arcs (Guemache et al., 2017).


Thickness and Distribution

This unit has only been recognized in the western portion of the Grande Rivière Domain in the La Grande Subprovince (sheets 33H and 23E). The southern part of this suite has the peculiarity of being emplaced in rocks belonging to both the La Grande and Opinaca subprovinces. To the north (e.g., sheets 23E13 and 23L04), more detailed mapping would be required to determine the Joubert Suite extent.



Two samples were collected in 2015 from the main Joubert Suite unit (nAjbt1) in sheets 23E03 and 23E04. The two samples (2015-SB-3144 and 2015-PB-1039) come from a foliated biotite-magnetite tonalite. One of the outcrops contained enclaves of foliated diorite and biotite-magnetite paragneiss. LA-ICP MS zircon isotopic analyses yielded ages of 2679.4 ±9.9 Ma and 2831.4 ±6.2 Ma for one sample, and 2681.7 ±5.6 Ma, 2729.8 ±7.8 Ma and 2820 ±23 Ma for the other (John David, personal communication, 2016). The ages of 2679.4 ±9.9 Ma and 2681.7 ±5.6 Ma are interpreted as tonalite crystallization ages, while the other ages would be associated with inherited zircons.

Isotopic System Mineral Crystallization Age (Ma) (+) (-) Reference(s)
U-Pb Zircon 2679.4 9.9 9.9 David, personal communication, 2016
U-Pb Zircon 2681.7 5.6 5.6 David, personal communication, 2016

Stratigraphic Relationship(s)

The presence in the Joubert Suite of diorite and paragneiss enclaves showing varying degrees of migmatitization, cross-cutting relationships and the two new isotopic datings indicate that this suite is younger than paragneiss of the Laguiche Complex and Rivière Salomon Formation. Lamothe et al. (2000) suggest that the Joubert Suite is a lateral equivalent of the Marquiset Suite tonalitic unit (Amaq), but the age difference between these units (~2680 Ma compared to 2704 ±2 Ma) indicates that this is not the case (Gigon and Goutier, 2017). 


Does not apply.


Author(s) Title Year of Publication Hyperlink (EXAMINE or Other)
BURNIAUX, P. – GUEMACHE, M.A. – GIGON, J. – GOUTIER, J. Géologie de la région du lac Dalmas (33H08, 33H09, 23E05, 23E12), Eeyou Istchee Baie-James, Québec. Ministère de l’Énergie et des Ressources naturelles, Québec; RG 2018-02, 50 pages, 1 plan. 2019 RG 2018-02
GIGON, J. – GOUTIER, J. Géologie de la région du lac Richardie, municipalité d’Eeyou Istchee Baie-James. Ministère de l’Énergie et des Ressources naturelles, Québec; RG 2016-04, 45 pages. 2017 RG 2016-04
GUEMACHE, M.A. – BURNIAUX, P. – GOUTIER, J. – GIGON, J. Géochimie des unités géologiques de la région du lac Dalmas, municipalité d’Eeyou Istchee Baie-James. Ministère de l’Énergie et des Ressources naturelles, Québec; RP 2016-02, 37 pages. 2017 RP 2016-02
HAMMOUCHE, H. – BURNIAUX, P. Géologie de la région du lac Joubert (23E03, 23E04, 33H01), Eeyou Istchee Baie-James. Ministère de l’Énergie et des Ressources naturelles, Québec; RG 2018-04, 53 pages. 2018 RG 2018-04
HOCQ, M. Géologie de la région des lacs Campan et Cadieux, Territoire-du-Nouveau-Québec. Ministère des Richesses naturelles, Québec; ET 83-05, 188 pages, 3 plans, 1 figure hors texte. 1985 ET 83-05
LAMOTHE, D. – THÉRIAULT, R. – LECLAIR, A. Géologie de la région du lac Nitchequon (23E). Ministère des Ressources naturelles, Québec; RG 99-14, 40 pages, 1 plan. 2000 RG 99-14
SAWYER, E.W. Criteria for the recognition of partial melting. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Part A: Solid Earth and Geodesy; volume 24, pages 269–279. 1999 Source
TALLA TAKAM, F. – BEAUCHAMP, A.-M. – MASSEI, F. Géologie de la région des lacs Léran et Emmanuel. Ministère de l’Énergie et des Ressources naturelles, Québec. In preparation



15 octobre 2019