Kaaispaach Suite
Stratigraphic label: [narc]kpc
Map symbol: nAkpc

First published: 28 February 2018
Last modified: 14 May 2018














Translation of original French



Informal subdivision(s)
Numbering does not necessarily reflect the stratigraphic position.
Author: Beauchamp and Massei, 2018
Age: Neoarchean
Reference section:  
Type area: Bohier Island area (NTS sheet 33A01)
Geological province: Superior Province
Geological subdivision: Opinaca Subprovince
Lithology: Syenite and K-feldspar syenite
Type: Lithodemic
Rank: Lithodeme
Status: Formal
Use: Active




The Kaaispaach Suite is a unit introduced by Beauchamp and Massei (2018) following the summer 2017 mapping work conducted by the Ministère. The area where this unit can be observed previously belonged to the Lac Barou Massif, a large group of felsic intrusive rocks described by Hocq (1985). However, there is no mention of syenitic rocks.




The Kaaispaach Suite combines syenite and K-feldspar syenite-type highly potassic rocks. On some outcrops, syenogranite or graphic-textured granite can also be observed. The rock has a porphyraceous structure with pink phencrystals of K-feldspar measuring 1 to 5 cm, in a blackish matrix with biotite and amphibole. Half of the outcrops characteristic of this unit were observed in a river bed. On these outcrops, feldspar appears more reddish. Amphibole (10%), the most abundant ferromagnesian mineral, is coarser than biotite (5%). A few grains of magnetite give the rock a low magnetism. The latter is generally massive and homogeneous, although it may be locally slightly foliated.


In thin section, moderate chloritization of biotite and amphibole can be observed. Locally, amphibole completely recrystallized into chlorite (outcrop 17-JF-5182). The main accessory minerals are epidote, white mica, clinopyroxene, zircon, apatite and sphene. The latter can account for up to 1% of the total rock. In places, rutile is also visible in the amphibole (outcrop 17-SB-4035).

From a geochemical perspective, the Kaaispaach Suite rocks are calc-alkaline (Ross and Bédard, 2009), metaluminous and type I (Maniar and Piccoli, 1989). The rare earth profile normalized to CI chondrite (McDonough and Sun 1995) shows an enrichment in light earth elements relative to heavy rare earth elements. Using diagrams by Legault and Lalonde (2009), which estimate the fertility of syenites with gold (based on rocks in the Abitibi Subprovince), rocks of the Kaaispaach Suite plot overall into the field of sterile syenites, although the Al2O3 vs MgO diagram seems less discriminating.







Thickness and Distribution

The Kaaispaach Suite was observed in NTS sheet 33A01, in the western part of the Otish Mountains. It consists of several small plutons 1 to 8 km long and just under 2 km wide. These plutons therefore have an elongated shape in a WSW-ENE direction, parallel to the Otish Mountains. 



Stratigraphic Relationship(s)

The Kaaispaach Suite, whose rocks are undeformed, is late in the area. It cuts the Laguiche Complex paragneiss and the Barou Intrusion, which forms the relief of the Otish Mountains.


Does not apply.


Authors Title Year of Publication Hyperlink (EXAMINE or Other)
BEAUCHAMP, A.-M. – MASSEI, F. Géologie de la région de l’île Bohier, au contact entre les sous-provinces d’Opatica, d’Opinaca et le bassin d’Otish, au nord de Mistassini, municipalité Eeyou Istchee Baie-James, Québec, Canada. Ministère de l’Énergie et des Ressources naturelles, Québec. 2018 Bulletin géologiQUE
HOCQ, M. Géologie de la région des lacs Campan et Cadieux, Territoire-du-Nouveau-Québec. Ministère des Ressources naturelles, Québec; 188 pages. 1985 ET 83-05

Discrimination des syénites associées aux gisements aurifères de la Sous-province de l’Abitibi, Québec, Canada. Ministère des Ressources naturelles et de la Faune du Québec; Département des sciences de la Terre, Université d’Ottawa, 10 pages.

2009 RP 2009-04
MANIAR, P.D. – PICCOLI, P.M. Tectonic discrimination of granitoids. Geological Society of America Bulletin; volume 101, pages 635-643. 1989 Source
MCDONOUGH, W.F. – SUN, S.S. The composition of the earth. Chemical Geology; volume 120, pages 223-253. 1995 Source
ROSS, P.-S. – BÉDARD, J.H. Magmatic affinity of modern and ancient subalkaline volcanic rocks determined from trace-element discriminant diagrams. Journal Canadien des Sciences de la Terre; volume 46, pages 823-839. 2009 Source
7 novembre 2018