|Author:||Faribault et al., 1912|
|Type area:||The “Papaskwasati Bowl”, located in the northern part of Mistassini Lake, is the preferred location for studying the gradual contact between the four formations of the Mistassini Group (see Caty, 1976, figure 15); NTS sheets 32P02, 32P07 and 32P10|
|Geological province:||Superior Province|
|Geological subdivision:||Opatica Subprovince|
- Mistassini Group
- Témiscamie Formation
- Albanel Formation
- Cheno Formation
- Papaskwasati Formation
Rocks of the Mistassini Group were initially compared to Cambrian rocks on the east side of James Bay (Low, 1886), and then to Upper Huronian limestone (Low, 1906). This unit was initially designated as the Mistassini Limestone and correlated with the Lower Huronian (Faribault et al., 1912). It was later named Mistassini Series (Norman, 1940), then renamed Mistassini Group by Bergeron (1957) to include all sedimentary rock units characterizing the Mistassini and Albanel lake areas, namely the Papaskwasati, Cheno, Albanel and Témiscamie formations.
The Mistassini Group includes the following four formations:
- the Témiscamie Formation (pPte), consisting of cherty iron formation, clayshale, quartzite, wacke and siltstone;
- the Albanel Formation (ppal), consisting of dolomite, stromatolitic dolomite, clay dolomite, intraformational breccia, graphitic dolomite and chert;
- the Cheno Formation (pPcn), consisting of sandstone, conglomerate, sandy dolomite and stromatolitic dolomite;
- the Papaskwasati Formation (pPpw), consisting of conglomeratic sandstone, conglomerate and sandstone.
Thickness and distribution
The Mistassini Group, also known as the Mistassini Basin, covers an area of 7300 km2. It includes the four sedimentary formations mentioned above, located on the periphery of Mistassini and Albanel lakes and in the Pépeshquasati River area (Caty, 1976).
Seven (7) samples of mudslate from the Témiscami Formation, which lies at the top of the Mistassini Group, were analyzed with the Rb-Sr method and helped define an isochrone at 1787 ±55 Ma (Fryer, 1972).
|Isotopic System||Mineral||Crystallization Age (Ma)||(+)||(-)||Reference(s)|
From a chronostratigraphic point of view, the Mistassini Group sedimentary rocks postdate those of the Chibougamau Formation, although the two units never appear in direct contact. On the field, the Mistassini Group sedimentary rocks unconformably overlie a basement made up of Mesoarchean to Neoarchean rocks in contact with the Opatica Subprovince and the Parautochton of the Grenville Province. The basement, which appears heavily altered in the first few metres of contact with sedimentary rocks, corresponds to a paleoregolith (Caty, 1976).
Does not apply.