La Bostonnais Complex
Stratigraphic label: [mpro]bos
Map symbol: mPbos

First published: 9 Febrauary 2018
Last modified:

































Translation of original French



Informal subdivision(s)
Numbering does not necessarily reflect the stratigraphic position.
mPbos6 Mixed orthogneiss
mPbos5 Granodiorite, gabbronorite, quartz monzodiorite, diorite, gabbro, mangerite
mPbos4 Gabbronorite, gabbro, diorite, quartz diorite, monzonite, monzodiorite, syenite
mPbos3 Granodiorite, tonalite
mPbos2 Granodioritic and tonalitic gneiss
mPbos1 Heterogeneous gneiss, klippes and enclaves of paragneiss and amphibolite
Author: Rondot, 1978
Age: Mesoproterozoic
Reference section:  
Type area: Haut-Saint-Maurice (NTS sheet 31P)
Geological province: Grenville Province
Geological subdivision: Allochton
Lithology: Intermediate to mafic intrusive rocks, gneiss
Type: Lithodemic
Rank: Complex
Status: Formal
Use: Active




The La Bostonnais Complex was introduced by Rondot (1978) in the Saint-Maurice region. It has four units of equal importance that are easily distinguishable from each other. According to this author, the complex consists of fine-grained sodic migmatites and felsic to mafic igneous rocks. A fifth unit was introduced by Nadeau et al. (1997) and consists of undifferentiated intrusive rocks. Finally, a sixth unit was added by Nadeau et al. (1998) during the Chat Lake mapping to include mixed orthogneiss in the complex. According to Hébert and Nadeau (1995), the La Bostonnais Complex, as defined by Rondot (1978), encompassed lithological units of distinct ages and origins. They therefore recommend the use of the term “La Bostonnais Complex” for all metaplutonic rocks with massive, gneissic or migmatitic textures and whose composition varies from ultramafic to granitic, although dominated by quartz diorite and tonalite.

The geochemical signature of rocks of the La Bostonnais Complex indicates a tectonic environment typical of a subduction context (Gauthier, 1993; Corrigan, 1995; Corrigan and van Breemen, 1997). The association with an island arc or continental environment is not clearly established. Gauthier (1993) proposes a volcanic arc environment. This interpretation is based on Zr/La and La/Ce ratios, as well as discriminant diagram of Harris et al. (1986). On the other hand, Corrigan (1995) concluded that the La Bostonnais Complex was emplaced in an Andean-type continental arc context based on discriminant diagrams of Pearce et al. (1984).


According to the work of Moukhsil and Côté (2018), rocks of the La Bostonnais Complex occupy a large part of NTS sheet 31P16. They have variable composition with SiO2 contents between 49 and 76%. They are metaluminous to peraluminous (Maniar and Piccoli, 1989) and are similar to type I granitoids, but some samples also correspond to type S (sedimentary origin, Chappel and White, 1974). Analytical results plot in the field of volcanic arc granites (Pearce et al., 1984). Mafic rocks plot in tholeiitic and transitional fields (Ross and Bédard, 2009). Based on the available data, the La Bostonnais Complex was subdivided into six units: mPbos1 to mPbos6.



La Bostonnais Complex 1 (mPbos1): Heterogeneous Gneiss, Klippes and Enclaves of Paragneiss and Amphibolite

This unit consists of heterogeneous gneiss containing klippes and enclaves of paragneiss and amphibolite. Rocks are usually banded and have highly alternating centimetric to decimetric horizons of paragneiss, impure quartzite, biotite or hornblende ± garnet ± sulphides ± anthophyllite ± cordierite gneiss. Cordierite gneiss are comparable to paragneiss of the Montauban Group. 

La Bostonnais Complex 2 (mPbos2): Granodioritic and Tonalitic Gneiss

This unit consists of hornblende-biotite ± garnet (10-20% of the rock) granodioritic and tonalitic gneiss. These gneiss are light bluish grey in patina and fresh exposure, medium to coarse-grained, heterogeneous and migmatitic. Local metamorphic banding is transposed and boudinaged. 

La Bostonnais Complex 3 (mPbos3): Granodiorite and Tonalite

This unit consists of medium to coarse-grained granodiorite and tonalite, characterized by light bluish grey patina and fresh surface. These two facies contain 10 to 20% mafic minerals consisting of hornblende and biotite. They are massive, partially gneissic, and have migmatitic texture.

La Bostonnais Complex 4 (mPbos4): Gabbronorite, Gabbro, Diorite, Quartz Diorite, Monzonite, Monzodiorite, Syenite

This unit consists of homogeneous medium-grained gabbronorite, gabbro and diorite. Both the patina and fresh surface are dark bluish grey. The three facies contain 30 to 40%mafic minerals consisting of hornblende and biotite with some hypersthene and augite relics, some garnet and some Fe-Ti oxides. These rocks are massive to foliated and homogeneous. Locally, gabbronorite also has a subophitic to ophitic texture with plagioclase laths, and recrystallized orthopyroxene and clinopyroxene. Pyrrhotite crystals surrounded by biotite are also observed in gabbronorite. In the field, xenocrystals of purple plagioclase, millimetric to centimetric, are observed in gabbronorite. It is most likely that they were torn from an anorthositic facies of the area. Minor amounts of quartz diorite, monzonite and K-feldspar-hypersthene syenite locally intrude into this unit. Monzonite is augen to porphyritic due to feldspar phenocrystals. In addition, locally, it contains garnet porphyroblasts associated with magnetite, biotite and green hornblende.

La Bostonnais Complex 5 (mPbos5): Granodiorite, Gabbronorite, Quartz monzodiorite, Diorite, Gabbro, Mangerite

This unit consists of granodiorite, gabbronorite, quartz monzodiorite, as well as minor amounts of diorite with or without hypersthene, gabbro and mangerite. These rocks are fine to medium grained, massive to gneissic, or migmatitic. All facies of this unit can contain up to 40% hornblende, biotite, hypersthene, augite and garnet.


La Bostonnais Complex 6 (mPbos6): Mixed Orthogneiss

The unit consists mainly of granodiorite, monzodiorite and locally diorite, whose dominant frame is gneissic to migmatitic. In some places, rocks of this unit are massive, medium grained, with a light bluish grey patina and fresh surface. Between 10 and 25% hornblende and biotite are observed in these lithologies. The unit also contains mylonitic augen granite lenses and paragneiss enclaves.

Thickness and distribution

The La Bostonnais Complex, whose main orientation is NNE-SSW, extends over 300 km long from Notre-Dame-du-Mont-Carmel (14 km NNW of Trois-Rivières) to the Borgia Lake region, north of La Tuque (NTS sheet 31P16).


Isotopic System Mineral Crystallization Age (Ma) (+) (-) Reference(s)
U-Pb Zircon 1371 3 2 Corrigan and van Breemen, 1997
U-Pb Zircon 1410 Nadeau and van Breemen, 1994

Stratigraphic Relationship(s)

The La Bostonnais Complex contains units of the Montauban Group. It is cut by various intrusions, including mafic to ultramafic intrusions of the Édouard Gabbronorite, the Étoile Suite, the Parc des Laurentides Complex and the Borgia Suite. 


Does not apply.


Author(s) Title Year of Publication Hyperlink (EXAMINE or Other)
CORRIGAN, D. Mesoproterozoic evolution of the south-central Grenville orogen: structural, metamorphic and geochronologic constraints from the Mauricie transect. Ph.D Thesis, Carleton University, 282 pages. 1995 Source
CORRIGAN, D. – van BREEMEN, O. U-Pb age constraints for lithotectonic evolution of the Grenville Province along the Mauricie transect, Québec. Canadian Journal of Earth Science; volume 34, pages 299-316. 1997 Source
GAUTHIER, E. Géochimie et pétrologie du complexe de la Bostonnais et du gabbro du lac Lapeyrère. Thèse de Maîtrise, Université Laval, Québec. 1993
PEARCE, J.A. – HARRIS, B.W. – TINDLE, A.G. Trace element discrimination diagram for tectonic interpretation of granitic rocks. Journal of Petrology; volume 25, pages 956-983. 1984
RONDOT, J. Géologie de la région du Saint-Maurice., Ministère de l’Énergie et des Ressources, Québec; DPV 594, 91 pages.  1978 DPV 594
HARRIS, N. B. W. – PEARCE, J. A. – TINDLE, A.G. Geochemical characteristics of collision-zone magmatism. In: Coward M P, Ries A C (eds) Collision Tectonics. Geological Society London; Special Publication 19, pages 67-81. 1986
HÉBERT, C. – NADEAU. L. Géologie de la région de Talbot (Portneuf), Ministère des Ressources naturelles, Commission géologique du Canada; ET 95-01, 16 pages, 1 map. 1995 ET 95-01
ROSS, P.-S. – BÉDARD, J.H. Magmatic affinity of modern and ancient subalkaline volcanic rocks determined from trace-element discriminant diagrams. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences; volume 46, pages 823-839. 2009 Source

Two contrasting granite types. Pacific Geology; volume 8, pages 173-174.

MANIAR, P.D. – PICCOLI, P.M. Tectonic discrimination of granitoids. Geological Society of America Bulletin; volume 101, pages 635-643. 1989 Source
MOUKHSIL, A. – CÔTÉ, G. Géologie de la région du lac Borgia, Province de Grenville, nord de La Tuque, régions de la Mauricie et du Saguenay – Lac-Saint-Jean, Québec, Canada. Ministère de l’Énergie et des Ressources naturelles, Québec. 2018 Bulletin géologiQUE
NADEAU, L – BROUILLETTE, P. – LÉVESQUE, S. – GAUTHIER, E. – CORRIGAN, D. Géologie du Lac-Édouard. Ministère de l’Énergie et des Ressources naturelles, Québec; CG SIGEOM31P, 16 maps. 1997 CG SIGEOM31P
ST-SEYMOUR, K. – MACLEAN, W.H. Metamorphosed volcanogenic ores at Montauban, Grenville Province, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist; volume 22, pages 595-604. 1984




29 octobre 2018