Mailles Batholith
Stratigraphic label: [mpro]mas
Map symbol: mPmas

First published: 23 October 2020
Last modified:




DISCLAIMER: This English version is translated from the original French. In case of any discrepancy, the French version shall prevail. 

Informal subdivision(s)
Numbering does not necessarily reflect the stratigraphic position.
Author: Moukhsil and El Bourki, 2020
Age: Mesoproterozoic
Stratotype: None. Reference outcrop 19-AM-11
Type area: Saint-Thomas-Didyne (eastern part of NTS sheet 32A15)
Geological province: Grenville Province
Geological subdivision: Allochton
Lithology: Intermediate and mafic plutonic rocks
Category: Lithodemic
Rank: Lithodeme
Status: Formal
Use: Active
Related unit(s)



The Mailles Batholith was defined by Moukhsil and El Bourki (2020) during mapping of the Normandin–Saint-Félicien–Roberval area in the Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean region.



The Mailles Batholith is a late-tectonic intrusion, which has a NNW-SSE elongation, and is 12 km long by 3-6 km wide. It outcrops mainly to the east of the village of Saint-Thomas-Didyme and north of Mailles Lake. Its delineation is made possible through the aeromagnetic map of sheet 32A15 (Intissar and Benahmed, 2015), where the intrusion is marked by an intense magnetic susceptibility. The batholith consists of mangerite, charnockite, alkali feldspar granite, jotunite and lesser amounts of gabbronorite. Some mangerite outcrops contain centimetric dioritic enclaves.

Mangrite is generally whitish to pinkish in altered surface and greyish to greenish in fresh exposure. It is characterized by a K-feldspar-plagioclase porphyritic texture. K-feldspar is perthitic and associated with myrmekite. Plagioclase is locally sericitized. The mangerite’s matrix is medium grained and composed of quartz, green hornblende, biotite, orthopyroxene and magnetite. Secondary minerals are apatite, epidote and zircon. Feldspar phenocrystals account for 25-50% of the rock and are generally 1-4 cm long. Orthopyroxene occurs in ferromagnesian mineral clusters, partially replaced by biotite and amphibole. Mangerite systematically contains magnetite in varying contents. Generally, the rock has a magmatic texture, while its edge is deformed and contains fine quartz grains displaying a mortar texture.

Charnockite is medium to coarse grained, locally porphyritic. It contains 4-5% orthopyroxene, <6% biotite and accessory minerals such as apatite and zircon. These are accompanied by trace opaque minerals. K-feldspar is generally perthitic and plagioclase is locally sericitized.

alkali feldspar granite is medium grained, porphyritic, pink in fresh exposure, pink-brown in altered patina, and is marked by a magmatic foliation. It contains varying amounts of biotite, green hornblende, orthopyroxene (<1%) and magnetite. K-feldspar is mostly perthitic and contains myrmekite. When the rock is porphyritic, pink K-feldspar (microcline) phenocrystals make up up to 60% of the rock and are centimetric (1-4 cm). Biotite and green hornblende are mostly observed as grain clusters. Epidote, apatite and zircon are present as accessory minerals.

Jotunite (orthopyroxene monzodiorite) is greenish in fresh exposure and rust brown in altered patina. In the field, it can be confused with the gabbronoritic facies of this intrusion. It is fine to medium grained and enriched with ferromagnesian minerals such as orthopyroxene, clinopyroxene and biotite. Disseminated sulphides such as pyrite, pyrrhotite and chalcopyrite are locally observed in this facies (<1% of the rock).

Gabbronorite is blackish to greyish in fresh exposure and altered surface, and plagioclase porphyritic (1-4 cm phenocrystals). It contains Fe-Ti oxides and apatite disseminated in the rock and in centimetric layers, and can be considered OAGN (Oxides Apatite Gabbronorite; Owens and Dymick, 1992). Gabbronorite is composed of plagioclase, orthopyroxene, clinopyroxene, magnetite, slightly vanadiferous titanomagnetite, ilmenite, hemo-ilmenite as exsolution in magnetite, and fluorapatite. A prospective zone for Fe-Ti-P V mineralization has been identified in this unit.



Thickness and Distribution

The unit only outcrops in sheet 32A15 as an elongated polyphase batholith. It has a surface area of ~54 km2.



Stratigraphic Relationship(s)

In the field, the Mailles Batholith appears to be post-deformation and intruding into the Saint-Thomas-Didyme Suite and Sainte-Hedwidge Intrusive Suite.


Does not apply.



Publications Available Through SIGÉOM Examine


MOUKHSIL, A., EL BOURKI, M., 2020. Geology of the Normandin Area, Grenville Province, Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean Region, Quebec, Canada. BG 2020-01, 1 plan.


Other Publications

OWENS, P.E., DYMEK, R.F., 1992. Fe-Ti-P rich rocks and massif anorthosite: problems of interpretation illustrated from the Labrieville and St-Urban plutons, Québec. Canadian Mineralogist; volume 30, pages 163-19.

Suggested Citation

Ministère de l’Énergie et des Ressources naturelles (MERN). Mailles Batholith. Quebec Stratigraphic Lexicon. [accessed on Day Month Year].


First Publication

Abdelali Moukhsil, P. Geo., Ph.D.; Mhamed El Bourki, GIT, M.Sc. (redaction)

Mehdi A. Guemache, P. Geo., Ph.D. (coordination); Fabien Solgadi, P. Geo., Ph.D. (critical review); Simon Auclair, P. Geo., M.Sc. (editing); Céline Dupuis, P. Geo., Ph.D. (English version); André Tremblay (HTML editing).

13 novembre 2020