DISCLAIMER: This English version is translated from the original French. In case of any discrepancy, the French version shall prevail.
|Author(s):||Simard et al., 2004|
|Type area:||Eau Claire Lake area (NTS sheet 34B)|
|Geological province:||Superior Province|
|Geological subdivision:||Minto Subprovince|
|Lithology:||Felsic volcano-sedimentary rocks|
The term Melvin Belt was introduced by Simard et al. (2008) to group felsic rocks of the Natwakupaw belt (informal name), originally associated with the Melvin Complex. The Melvin Complex was named in the Eau Claire Lake area (Simard et al., 2004) where it was subdivided into four subunits: (1) felsic rocks; (2) amphibolites; (3) paragneiss; and (4) granoblastic diorite and gabbro. Subunits 2, 3 and 4 were also recognized in the Minto Lake area a little farther north (Simard, 2008). Simard et al. (2008) reassigned amphibolite and paragneiss klippes of the Melvin Complex to the Innuksuac Complex based on the similarity of lithological assemblages and the regional distribution of these units. They also reassigned the granoblastic diorite and gabbro unit to the Bacqueville Suite because of lithological and geochemical similarities observed in rocks of these two units in the Minto Lake area (Simard et al., 2005; Chevé, 2005). As a result of these modifications, the Melvin Complex included only felsic rocks concentrated in the Natwakupaw belt located in the Eau Claire Lake area. Simard et al. (2008) then gave the belt the formal name Melvin Belt. The terms “Melvin Complex” and “Natwakupaw Belt” have been abandoned. This unit is named after Melvin Lake, ~15 km to the NE (sheet 34B15).
The Melvin Belt consists of felsic metamorphic rocks likely derived from a mixture of lava and tufs (Simard et al., 2004; Simard et al., 2008; Simard, 2008). The rock is greyish to slightly greenish, whitish in altered surface. Its appearance varies from massive to laminar. It is very fine-grained and contains, in several places, quartz phenocrystals. Most rocks are highly deformed and have a mylonitic foliation in several places. However, primary textures have been preserved locally. Felsic volcanics are calc-alkaline in affinity (Simard et al., 2008; Simard, 2008).
According to Simard et al. (2004, p. 10): “Locally, some decametric rusty and pyritous zones were observed within this unit. In thin sections, felsic rocks are very fine-grained and have a granoblastic texture consisting of small grains of quartz, plagioclase and K-feldspar in varying amounts. Foliation is well-developed and marked by the presence of small brown to greenish-brown, partially chloritized biotite sheets. Several samples contain coarser quartz crystals that have been completely recrystallized, subrounded or slightly stretched in foliation. Small epidote clusters are superimposed on biotite. Magnetite, muscovite, apatite and zircon are in minor amounts, while allanite, sphene and carbonates are rare. Intense sericitization of plagioclase is observed in a few samples.”
The Melvin Belt forms a narrow band (close to 30 km by 2 km on average) generally oriented NW-SE and centred on Natwakupaw Lake (sheet 34B11). It also forms a small klippe a few hundred metres long, ~50 km SW of the main strip, near the contact with Proterozoic rocks of the Richmond Gulf Group (Simard et al., 2004).
U-Pb dating of ~20 zircons from a felsic volcanic rock determined an age of emplacement of 2742 ±3 Ma (David, 2012). The volcanic rock also contained xenocrysts inherited from an older source that yielded ages between 2.78 and 2.80 Ga (David, 2012).
|Unit||Sample Number||Isotopic System||Mineral||Crystallization Age (Ma)||(+)||(-)||Inherited Age (Ma)||Reference(s)|
The Melvin Belt, as redefined by Simard et al. (2008), appears to have no equivalent in the area. Felsic rocks of the Melvin Belt are strongly affected by the Nastapoca Deformation Zone (Simard et al., 2004). The relationship between this belt and the surrounding rocks is rather ambiguous. The Melvin Belt is linked to a period of felsic volcanism that affected the Minto Subprovince locally between 2740 and 2705 Ma (Simard et al., 2008).
Does not apply.
CHEVE, S. 2005. LITHOGEOCHIMIE DE LA REGION DU LAC MINTO (34F ET 34G). MRNF. MB 2005-01, 26 pages.
DAVID, J. 2012. DATATIONS ISOTOPIQUES EFFECTUEES DANS LE NORD-EST DE LA PROVINCE DU SUPRERIEUR (TRAVAUX DE 2001, 2002 ET 2003). MRNF. DV 2012-05, 84 pages.
SIMARD, M. 2008. LEXIQUE STRATIGRAPHIQUE DES UNITES ARCHEENNES DU NORD-EST DE LA PROVINCE DU SUPERIEUR. MRNF. DV 2008-03, 107 pages.
SIMARD, M., CHEVE, S., DAVID, J., LABBE, J Y., SHARMA, K N M. 2005. GEOLOGIE DE LA REGION DU LAC MINTO (34F ET 34G). MRNFP. RG 2004-04, 27 pages and 2 plans.
SIMARD, M., LABBE, J Y., MAURICE, C., LACOSTE, P., LECLAIR, A., BOILY, M. 2008. SYNTHESE DU NORD-EST DE LA PROVINCE DU SUPERIEUR. MRNF. MM 2008-02, 198 pages and 8 plans.
SIMARD, M., PARENT, M., THERIAULT, R., DAVID, J., LACOSTE, P., SHARMA, K N M. 2004. GEOLOGIE DE LA REGION DU LAC A L’EAU CLAIRE (34B ET 34C). MRNFP. RG 2003-08, 48 pages and 2 plans.
Ministère de l’Énergie et des Ressources naturelles (MERN). Melvin Belt. Quebec Stratigraphic Lexicon. http://gq.mines.gouv.qc.ca/lexique-stratigraphique/province-du-superieur/ceinture-de-melvin_en [accessed on Day Month Year].
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