|Author:||Bandyayera and Daoudene, 2018|
|Type area:||The most representative outcrops are located south of Caumont Lake, southwest of the Champion Lake region (NTS sheet 32N09)|
|Geological province:||Superior Province|
|Geological subdivision:||Nemiscau Subprovince|
|Lithology:||Mafic and ultramafic rocks|
Table des matières
A series of mafic-ultramafic intrusions associated with volcano-sedimentary rocks was mapped in the Champion and des Montagnes lakes area by Valiquette (1975). The Caumont Mafic-Ultramafic Suite was created following the summer 2017 work in the Champion Lake region to consolidate and better describe these rocks (Bandyayera and Daoudene, 2018).
The Caumont Mafic-Ultramafic Suite consists of a series of mafic-ultramafic intrusions interstratified in places with volcano-sedimentary rocks of the Lac des Montagnes Group. On geophysical maps, these intrusions are generally associated with positive magnetic anomalies. They form elongated, lenticular and conformable bodies within the amphibolitized basalts of the Lac des Montagnes Group, suggesting that many of these intrusions represent synvolcanic sills. At first glance, the mafic and ultramafic rocks are massive and homogeneous. However, in places, these rocks are heavily deformed and sheared. Near regional shear zones, they are mylonitized.
Ultramafic intrusions are peridotites and pyroxenites that are fine to medium grained, homogeneous, massive to foliated, granoblastic, typically magnetic. Rocks are also characterized by an orange-brown alteration patina and a dark green to black fresh surface. Rocks are composed of actinolite, tremolite, serpentine, talc, magnetite, clinopyroxene and orthopyxene. Local accessory minerals include garnet, cummingtonite, calcite and epidote. Peridotite generally contains rounded crystals of serpentinized olivine. In places, thin horizons of peridotite contain up to 20% talc crystals in the form of rods arranged in rosettes, interpreted as olivine spinifex relics. The extent of these komatiitic lavas could not be determined. Cumulate textures are also observed in several places. The brownish surface of outcrops is covered by fractures arranged according to rhomboid patterns or forming polygonal joints. These negative relief fractures contain serpentine, talc, tremolite and magnetite. Magnetite and serpentine veins are regularly observed in peridotitic facies.
Mafic intrusions are gabbros, medium to coarse grained, subophitic to glomerorphyric, amphibolitized, foliated, greyish green to dark green in altered surface, and greenish black or dark grey in fresh exposure. Ferromagnesian minerals (amphibolitized pyroxene) range from 40 to 60%.
The normative composition of peridotite corresponds to harzburgite containing more than 30% MgO, that of pyroxenite to olivine websterite containing 9-27% MgO, and that of mafic rocks to norite and gabbronorite. All of these rocks are of tholeiitic affinity, showing flat chondrite normalized rare earth profiles subparallel to those of the amphibolitized basaltic host (unit nAmo1 of the Lac des Montagnes Group).
In the Champion Lake area (sheet 32N09), the largest of these intrusions is 8 km long and 600 m wide. In the northeast extension of the Lac des Montagnes Group, the work of Valiquette (1975) exhibited another mafic-ultramafic intrusion 7.5 km long and over 200 m wide, located south of the Senay Lake region (sheet 32O11).
The Caumont Mafic-Ultramafic Suite intrudes rocks of the Lac des Montagnes Group. Basalt enclaves are locally observed in the mafic-ultramafic sills.
Does not apply.