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Rodez Plutonic Suite
Stratigraphic label: [mpro]rdz
Map symbol: mPrdz

First published: 14 June 2019
Last modified: 17 January 2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Translation of original French

Informal subdivision(s)
Numbering does not necessarily reflect the stratigraphic position.
 
mPrdz2 Anorthosite, leuconorite, mangerite, charnockite, gabbronorite and Fe-Ti-P±V oxide mafic to ultramafic rocks, minor amounts of jotunite and quartz diorite
mPrdz1 Porphyritic quartz syenite, gabbronorite, charnockite, paragneiss enclaves, all cut by granitic pegmatite dykes
 
Author: Moukhsil and Daoudene, 2019
Age: Mesoproterozoic
Reference section: Reference outcrops located in the Rodez Lake area (18-AM-24 for mPdrz1 and 18-YD-2054 for mPdrz2)
Type area: NTS sheet 32A01
Geological province: Grenville Province
Geological subdivision: Allochton
Lithology: Felsic, intermediate and mafic intrusive rocks
Type: Lithodemic
Rank: Suite
Status: Formal
Use: Active

Background

The Rodez Plutonic Suite was defined by Moukhsil and Daoudene (2019) during mapping of the Commissaires Lake area, SW of Lake Saint-Jean.

 

Description

The Rodez Plutonic Suite consists of a main batholith with some scattered satellite intrusions of syenitic, anorthositic, leuconoritic and mangeritic rocks. The Rodez Plutonic Suite hosts mineralization associated with a mafic to ultramafic host rock enriched in Fe-Ti oxides, with traces of vanadium and phosphorus. It is subdivided into two units, mPrdz1 and mPrdz2, both of which can be mapped at the 1:50 000 scale. These units are easily distinguishable on aeromagnetic maps (Intissar and Benahmed, 2015).

 

Rodez Plutonic Suite 1 (mPrdz1): Porphyritic Quartz Syenite, Gabbronorite, Charnockite, Paragneiss Enclaves, All Cut by Granitic Pegmatite Dykes

Quartz syenite is magnetic, brown-white in altered patina and usually greenish in fresh exposure. It is generally K-feldspar-plagioclase porphyritic, even locally megacristic. Phenocrystals range in size from 1 to 5 cm, locally 7 cm long, and can account for 35% of the rock. K-feldspar is perthitic while plagioclase is less altered and has a few fractures locally filled with white mica. Quartz is in large zones with no evidence of deformation. Myrmekite can be observed locally. Quartz syenite contains no more than 3% ferromagnesian minerals such as orthopyroxene, clinopyroxene and scarce biotite. Ferromagnesian minerals form clusters and accessory minerals such as apatite and zircon are frequently associated with them. In the field, quartz content ranges from 15 to 35%.

Syenite evolves laterally to a pinkish alkaline feldspar granite. It is coarse grained to perthitic-K-feldspar porphyritic, with less than 2% ferromagnesian minerals (biotite, hornblende, trace orthopyroxene). In alkaline feldspar granite, quartz forms large zones with no preferential orientation and with weak undulatory extinction. Syenogranite has the same texture and mineralogy as alkaline feldspar alkaline, except that it contains more plagioclase.

Gabbronorite is very magnetic, coarse grained and massive. It contains plagioclase rods, biotite, orthopyroxene, clinopyroxene and hornblende. Accessory mineral phases are apatite, zircon and titanite. In thin section, titanite occurs as inclusions in orthopyroxene, whereas apatite forms small inclusions in hornblende. Although clinopyroxene crystals do not appear to be altered, orthopyroxene crystals show alteration in iddingsite developed mainly along cleavage planes. Orthopyroxene crystals also show in places amphibole rims. Biotite forms isolated or clustered flakes with other ferromagnesian minerals.

Charnockite is mainly mapped on the edge of unit mPrdz1. It is foliated, coarse grained to porphyritic and magnetic. In thin section, plagioclase phenocrystals form large grains, usually sericitized, while K-feldspar is slightly perthitic and quartz forms large zones with undulatory extinction. Ferromagnesian minerals are biotite, hornblende and orthopyroxene. Apatite, epidote and zircon are secondary mineral phases.

Locally present in unit mPrdz1 are centimetric to metric enclaves of migmatitized paragneiss (Wabash Complex). This unit is cut by pegmatite dykes of granitic to syenitic composition locally containing large magnetite crystals.

 

Rodez Plutonic Suite 2 (mPrdz2): Anorthosite, Leuconorite, Mangerite, Charnockite, Gabbronorite and Fe-Ti-P±V Oxide Mafic to Ultramafic Rocks, Minor Amounts of Jotunite and Quartz Diorite

Anorthosite is whitish to blackish and porphyritic to megacristic. Tabular plagioclase phenocrystals ranges in length from 2 to 8 cm. Anorthosite contains 1 to 10% ferromagnesian minerals, mainly orthopyroxene and clinopyroxene, and scarce biotite. In thin section, alteration of plagioclase is visible by the presence of a fine border parallel to polysynthetic twins and composed of an assemblage of white mica and carbonate. From one outcrop to the other, anorthosite contains varying and generally small amounts of centimetric garnet porphyroblasts with opaque mineral inclusions. It is generally massive, locally foliated near deformation zones. Locally, plagioclase is recrystallized and form small whitish grains associated with ferromagnesian mineral clusters, giving the rock a “leopard” appearance. In anorthosite, hypersthene is locally coronitic with a millimetric rim of green hornblende and some epidote.

Leuconorite is grey-black, plagioclase porphyritic and contains up to 25% ferromagnesian minerals (orthopyroxene and some clinopyroxene). Mangerite is brownish to whitish in altered patina and greenish in fresh exposure. It is K-feldspar-plagioclase porphyritic with phenocrystals that can form up to 25% of the rock and be 4 cm long. It is composed of quartz, orthopyroxene, amphibole, biotite, magnetite, apatite and zircon. K-feldspar is locally perthitic and may contain plagioclase inclusions. Quartz occurs in large zones with undulatory extinction and in places form vermicular intergrowths with plagioclase (myrmekites). Orthopyroxene is characterized by small circular crystals associated with biotite and amphibole.

Charnockite is brownish in altered surface and greyish to pinkish in fresh exposure. It is coarse grained, heterogranular, homogeneous and foliated. In thin section, it shows perthitic K-feldspar, plagioclase and quartz in large zones with undulatory extinction. Ferromagnesian minerals form clusters composed mainly of biotite, green hornblende and, in lesser amount, completely uralitized orthopyroxene. Accessory mineral phases consist of apatite inclusions in biotite and zircon. Charnockite is intruded by syenite and syenogranite dykes.

Gabbronorite is associated with Fe-Ti-P±V oxide mafic to ultramafic rocks and transition between these rocks is difficult to observe. In outcrop, oxide rocks show a 65-95% variation in oxidized minerals and have high magnetic susceptibility. The rock that contains less than 90% oxides consists of Fe-Ti-P oxide gabbronorite (OAGN = Oxide-apatite Gabbronorite, acronym proposed by Owens and Dymek, 1992). In addition to oxides, gabbronorite contains apatite. In contrast, when the proportion of oxides is greater than 90%, it consists of mafic to ultramafic rocks with less than 5% of plagioclase and orthopyroxene. In these lithologies, apatite content (~5 mm rods) ranges from 6 to 13% and can reach 15%. These rocks host a Fe-Ti-P±V mineralization zone, which consists of magnetite (vanadiferous), hemo-ilmenite and apatite (Project EP showing). Gabbronorite with less than 5% Fe-Ti oxides is subophitic with 3% millimetre-grain magnetite, 2% hemo-ilmenite, large orthopyroxene crystals intergrown with clinopyroxene and long plagioclase rods.

Jotunite (hypersthene monzodiorite) is coarse grained to porphyritic and massive. It is composed of orthopyroxene, clinopyroxene, epidote and trace garnet. In thin section, orthopyroxene contains lamellar clinopyroxene intergrowths giving the grains a skeletal texture. Deformation of plagioclase grains is highlighted by undulatory extinction of polysynthetic twins, which often pinch out. Accessory minerals are epidote, apatite, pyrite, pyrrhotite and magnetite.  

Quartz diorite is a minor facies in this unit. It is very fine grained, very deformed and sheared. This rock also occurs as millimetric to metric enclaves in recrystallized-plagioclase anorthosite. Quartz diorite contains clinopyroxene, orthopyroxene, plagioclase, biotite, some apatite and opaque minerals, including magnetite.

 

Thickness and Distribution

The main batholith of the Rodez Plutonic Suite is elliptical at the surface with a NW-SE-oriented maximum diameter. This batholith covers an area of approximately 232 km2. The Rodez Plutonic Suite also includes a small 10.5 km2 satellite pluton with similar orientation.

Dating

A dating on the sample 2018-AM-0024A was recently carried out.

Unit Sample Number Isotopic System Mineral Crystallization Age (Ma) (+) (-) Reference(s)
mPrdz1 2018-AM-0024A U-Pb Zircon 995,8 3,4 3,4 Papapavlou, 2019

Stratigraphic Relationship(s)

The Rodez Plutonic Suite intrudes into the Wabash and Barrois complexes, in addition to being in contact with the Jobber Mangerite.

Paleontology

Does not apply.

References

Publications available through Sigéom Examine

INTISSAR, R., BENAHMED, S. 2015. LEVE MAGNETIQUE AEROPORTE DANS LE SECTEUR OUEST DU LAC-ST-JEAN, PROVINCE DE GRENVILLE. MERN, GOLDAK AIRBORNE SURVEYS. DP 2015-06, 7 pages and 2 plans.

MOUKHSIL, A., DAOUDENE, Y. 2019. Géologie de la région du lac des Commissaires, Province de Grenville, région du Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean, Québec, Canada. MERN. BG 2019-01.

PAPAPAVLOU, K. 2019. U-Pb geochronology report, Grenville 2018-2019. UQAM. MB 2019-11, 21 pages.

Other publications

OWENS, B.E., DYMEK, R.F. 1992. Fe-Ti-P-Rich rocks and massif anorthosite: problems of interpretation illustrated from the Labrieville and St-Urbain plutons, Québec. Canadian Mineralogist; volume 30, pages 163-190.

11 novembre 2019