Sanningajualuk Suite
Stratigraphic label: [ppro]snn
Map symbol: pPsnn

First published: 26 April 2018
Last modified:








Translation of original French




Informal subdivision(s)
Numbering does not necessarily reflect the stratigraphic position.
pPsnn1 Foliated to massive syenogranite and monzogranite
pPsnn1a Granite with graphic texture


Author: Charette and Beaudette, 2018
Age: Paleoproterozoic
Reference section:  
Type area: Ivujivik area (NTS sheet 35K05)
Geological province: Churchill Province
Geological subdivision: Ungava Orogen / Narsajuaq Arc
Lithology: Granitic intrusive igneous rock
Type: Lithodemic
Rank: Suite
Status: Formal
Use: Active




The Sanningajualuk Suite, whose namesake hill is located south of the Inuit community of Ivujivik, was introduced by Charette and Beaudette (2018) to describe late potassic intrusions of the Narsajuaq Arc. These intrusive rocks were previously described by St-Onge and Lucas (1992) and St-Onge et al. (1992) as included in the Younger plutonic suite of the Narsajuaq Arc, specifically in unit pPNAR4. Dunphy and Ludden (1998) described this suite as an anatectic suite. Charette and Beaudette (2018) preferred to distinguish late-orogenic to postorogenic intrusions into different formal units, including the Sanningajualuk Suite, in order to highlight their variable textures, their different intrusion (cross-cutting) and to comply with the North American Statigraphic Code (1983, 2005).




The Sanningajualuk Suite is the main unit of late-orogenic to postorogenic intrusions of the Narsajuaq Arc by its volume and distribution over the entire arc’s N-S axis. It is divided into two informal units: the main unit of foliated to massive syenogranite and monzogranite (pPsnn1) and the secondary unit of graphic-textured granite (pPsnn1a).



Sanningajualuk Suite 1 (pPsnn1): Foliated to Massive Syenogranite and Monzogranite

Unit pPsnn1 consists mostly of syenogranite, which is characterized by its pink to reddish pink colour and its low content in mafic minerals (<10%). This unit includes, in a lesser proportion, a pinkish beige monzogranite with a coarser-grained syenogranitic pinkish phase in bands or diffuse clusters. Syenogranite and monzogranite share the same structural and textural characteristics and the same mineral assemblage. At the outcrop scale, both are characterized by fine to coarse grain variation and, in general, traces of hematite. These granitoids usually show weakly to moderately-developed foliation, marked by discontinuous millimetric biotite laminae. Mafic minerals account for less than 10% of the mineralogy of these intrusive potassic rocks. In close proximity to regional deformation zones, potassic intrusions of the pPsnn1 unit have strong foliation, contain K-feldspar porphyroclasts from a few millimetres to one centimetre and, in places, quartz bands or stretch lineation marked by quartz rods.


The petrographic study of the Sanningajualuk Suite granite indicates that these rocks are formed by several phases in diffuse contact. A coarse-grained phase, usually richer in K-feldspar and with a smaller proportion of mafic minerals, occurs as diffuse clusters or bands in a main rock, fine to medium-grained. Biotite is the dominant mafic mineral and is partially chloritized. Hornblende occurs in mafic clusters in some samples. It is usually matted and is partially replaced by biotite. Allanite euhedral crystals are generally observed in association with mafic laminae or clusters. Few accessory minerals, such as apatite, muscovite and zircon, are observed in thin section. In deformed zones, the quartzofeldspathic matrix is oriented and has numerous microfractures. Quartz is characterized by subgrain extinction.



Sanningajualuk Suite 1a (pPsnn1a): Granite with Graphic Texture

Areas where the Sanningajualuk Suite granite has a graphic texture have been grouped in subunit pPsnn1a. In these areas, grain size ranges from medium to pegmatitic and altered surface colour changes from white to pinkish. In places, K-feldspar crystals can reach decimetric dimensions and usually have graphic texture.


Thickness and Distribution

Granitic intrusions of the Sanningajualuk Suite form kilometre-long intrusive masses elongated in the regional tectonic grain. Locally, they are elliptical and cut regional foliation. The largest and most homogeneous mass is in the Ivujivik area (NTS sheet 35K05) which has been defined as the type area for this unit. Granitoids of this suite are also observed as metric intrusions, regular and conformable to subconformable in granulitic rocks of the Narsajuaq Arc.



A historical dating of a granitoid of the Narsajuaq Arc near Ivujivik was associated with the Sanningajualuk Suite. This sample, previously included in the pPNAR4 unit of the Younger plutonic suite by St-Onge and Lucas (1992) and in the Anatectic suite by Dunphy and Ludden (1998), returned a U-Pb age on zircons of 1800 ±2 Ma (Parrish, personal communication, 1994). Sm-Nd isotope analyses on the same sample revealed a Nd epsilon value of -5.6 to 1800 Ma (Dunphy and Ludden, 1998), indicating a likely crustal source. The model age is 2420 Ma (Dunphy and Ludden, 1998).

Isotopic System Mineral Crystallization Age (Ma) (+) (-) Reference(s)
U-Pb Zircon 1800 2 2

Parrish, personal communication, 1994 (sample S217-91)

Stratigraphic Relationship(s)

The Sanningajualuk Suite is intrusive into all Archean to Paleoprotezoic units of the Narsajuaq Arc. The latter are commonly found as metric to kilometric klippes in granitoid masses of the Sanningajualuk Suite. In outcrop, intermediate and mafic rocks (mostly dioritic) occur as partially assimilated centimetric to decimetric enclaves in unit pPsnn1. Granitoids of the Sanningajualuk Suite are cut by metric multigenerational pegmatite dykes that are locally associated with reddish alteration. These pegmatitic dykes include several generations of different orientations that cross-cut each other and which are mainly oriented NNW-SSE. Pegmatites are themselves cut by thinner dykes (5-30 cm) of massive greyish monzogranite. The latter appears to be the last intrusive phase of the Narsajuaq Arc, with the exception of diabase dykes of the Falcoz Swarm (mPfal) and mafic intrusions of the Nauyok Suite (mPyok) whose relationship with the late greyish monzogranite was not observed.


Does not apply.


Author(s) Title Year of Publication Hyperlink (EXAMINE or Other)
CHARETTE, B. – BEAUDETTE, M. Géologie de la région du cap Wolstenholme, Orogène de l’Ungava, Province de Churchill, sud-est d’Ivujivik, Québec, Canada. Ministère de l’Énergie et des Ressources naturelles, Québec. 2018 Bulletin géologiQUE
DUNPHY, J.M. – LUDDEN, J.N. Petrological and geochemical characteristics of a Paleoproterozoic magmatic arc (Narsajuaq terrane, Ungava Orogen, Canada) and comparisons to Superior Province granitoids. Precambrian Research; volume 91, pages 109-142. 1998 Source
ST-ONGE, M.R. – LUCAS, S.B. New insight on the crustal structure and tectonic history of the Ungava Orogen, Kovik Bay and Cap Wolstenholme, Quebec. Geological Survey of Canada; Research in progress, Part C, Paper 92-1C, pages 31-41. 1992 Source
ST-ONGE, M.R. – LUCAS, S.B. – PARRISH, R.R. Terrane accretion in the internal zone of the Ungava orogen, northern Quebec. Part 1: tectonostratigraphic assemblages and their tectonic implications. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences; volume 29, pages 746-764. 1992 Source



8 novembre 2018